South Asia

Sri Lanka's Wickremesinghe Sworn in as Prime Minister

The South Asian island country had plunged into instability after President Sirisena replaced Wickremesinghe with Mahinda Rajapaksa, who was then twice sacked by parliament.

Colombo: United National Party (UNP) leader Ranil Wickremesinghe was sworn in as the prime minister of Sri Lanka on Sunday, ending a 51-day power tussle in the island nation that had crippled the government.

Wickremesinghe, 69, was administered the oath of office by President Maithripala Sirisena, who had sacked him on October 26 in a controversial move which plunged the island nation into an unprecedented constitutional crisis.

The UNP leader had refused to step down asserting that his sacking was illegal.

His re-appointment comes a day after former strongman Mahinda Rajapaksa, who was installed as prime minister by President Sirisena, resigned Saturday after two crucial Supreme Court decisions made his efforts to cling to premiership untenable.

“Today marks a victory not for myself or for the UNP. It is a victory for Sri Lanka’s democratic institutions and the sovereignty of our citizens. I thank everyone who stood firm in defending the constitution and ensuring the triumph of democracy,” Wickremesinghe said after assuming office.

Sirisena, who had ruled out reappointing Wickremesinghe, was smiling with Wickremesinghe as he handed him the letter of appointment.

Wickremesinghe’s supporters took to streets to celebrate after he took oath at the Presidential Secretariat for the record fifth time.

UNP Assistant Leader Ravi Karunanayake said that talks were held Saturday and more discussions will take place Sunday to select the cabinet.

The cabinet is expected to be limited to 30 and will include a few Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP) members who have offered support to Wickremesinghe.

According to media reports, a new cabinet will be sworn in on Monday. The cabinet will consist of 30 members and include six Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP) parliamentarians.

Earlier, Wickremesinghe’s party said it was ready to work with President Sirisena, who was “misled by some groups” against the unity government.

Also read: The Sri Lankan Crisis Has Been a Long Time Coming

UNP deputy leader Sajith Premadasa said that he was not surprised that the president had agreed to appoint Wickremesinghe as prime minister again despite taking a firm position earlier that he will not appoint the UNP leader.

“This showed the true character of the president,” he was quoted as saying by the Colombo Gazette.

Premadasa said that the president was “misled by some groups who were against the unity government” and this resulted in the president removing Wickremesinghe.

“But now the truth has prevailed,” he said. “The party is prepared to work with Sirisena again in the government.”

Premadasa said, “The lessons from the incident must be used to strengthen the foundation of democracy and promote justice and fairness.”

Rajapaksa, 73, had sought to secure a majority in the 225-member parliament but failed. Sirisena then dissolved the parliament and called snap elections on January 5.

However, the Supreme Court overturned his decision and halted the preparations for snap polls.

Also read: The Second Coming of Sri Lanka’s Mahinda Rajapaksa

The Supreme Court on Thursday unanimously declared that the dissolution of parliament by Sirisena was “illegal”.

The apex court on Friday also refused to stay a court order restraining Rajapaksa from holding the office of prime minister until it fully heard the case next month.

Rajapaksa signed his resignation letter during a multi-religious service at his home that was attended by several lawmakers of United People’s Freedom Alliance (UPFA), Buddhist and other religious leaders.

After signing the resignation letter, Rajapaksa said that following the February 10 local government election, the aim of his party is to have a general election.

However, he said that he has no intention of remaining as prime minister without a general election being held, and in order to not hamper the President in any way, he resigned from the position of prime minister and made way for the president to form a new government.

Rajapaksa said that since a general election can no longer be held, the UPFA cannot implement any of the measures they had planned to take “to prevent the country from becoming another Greece.”

Most of the countries had not recognised Rajapaksa’s government. The global credit rating agencies – the Fitch, the Standard & Poor’s and the Moody’s – had also downgraded Sri Lanka’s rating owing to the current political crisis.