Brazil’s attorney general’s office has charged six former members of the country’s military dictatorship with the 1975 murder of a prominent journalist.
Vladimir Herzog died on October 25, 1975, in a military intelligence detention center after being arrested and tortured. He was 38 years old at the time.
The director of the television program “TV Cultura” at the time, Herzog had been an outspoken supporter of democracy, and a member of Brazil’s Communist Party.
Public disbelief about the official state version of his death generated national controversy and sparked protests. It marked a turning point in Brazil’s military dictatorship, which had begun in 1964, helping to push it towards its eventual end in 1985.
An investigation into his death had previously been opened in 1992, but it was annulled by a court citing the 1979 amnesty law. The Inter-American Court of Law declared the law illegal in 2010 on the basis that it was used to prevent massive human rights violations from being punished. The investigation into Herzog’s death was then re-opened in 2018.
An ‘unspeakable’ crime
The attorney general’s office described his murder in a statement released Tuesday as “unspeakable.”
Amnesty cannot be applied to the crime, “since it was committed in a context of systematic and widespread attacks by the Brazilian state against the civilian population,” they added.
The office charged Jose Barros Paes, a former army general, Audir Santos Maciel, the then-head of the state intelligence agency, known as DOI-CODI, and military agent Altair Casadei in Herzog’s death. Two legal doctors and a retired military prosecutor were also charged.
The charges include aggravated murder, as well as procedural fraud and ideological falsehood, as the accused attempted to alter Herzog’s body to make it appear as though he had hanged himself and issued false reports.
The case will be tried by the federal justice court in Sao Paulo. There is currently no date for a decision.
Herzog and his family, who were Jewish, had fled the former Yugoslavia to Brazil in the 1940s to escape the Nazis.
In addition to working in Brazil, he spent time in London working for the BBC.