Robert Mugabe, the only leader Zimbabwe had known since independence, step down from power on November 21.
Supporters of long-serving African leaders dismiss parallels with Zimbabwe, where Mugabe’s former deputy – sacked during a power struggle with Mugabe’s wife – is about to take power with military and public backing.
Mnangagwa will replace Robert Mugabe, who stepped down on Tuesday after the army seized power and the ruling ZANU-PF party turned against him.
Will Emmerson Mnangagwa, a ruthless leader who carried out Mugabe’s policies for nearly four decades, turn out to be a better leader than his predecessor?
“Today we are witnessing the beginning of a new and unfolding democracy.”
Contrary to popular sentiment that the coup would usher in a new era of democracy, the military intervention is much more about a succession crisis in the ruling Zanu-PF.
Mnangagwa will be sworn in on Wednesday or Thursday and will serve the remainder of Mugabe’s term until the next election due by September 2018.
The 93-year-old had clung on for a week after an army takeover and expulsion from his own ruling ZANU-PF party, but resigned shortly after parliament began an impeachment process seen as the only legal way to force him out.
The ruling ZANU-PF party plans to bring the impeachment motion in parliament after a Monday noon deadline expired for the besieged 93 year old leader to resign and bring the curtain down on nearly four decades in power.
ZANU-PF had given the 93-year-old, who has led his country since independence in 1980, less than 24 hours to quit as head of state or face impeachment, an attempt to secure a peaceful end to his tenure after a de facto military coup.
Mnangagwa is a long time Zanu-PF stalwart and is closely integrated with the military high command and the intelligence services.
The protracted political crisis in Zimbabwe has worsened since President Mugabe fired vice president Emmerson Mnangagwa. Now the military has entered the fray, raising fears a coup is imminent.
Zimbabwean soldiers and armoured vehicles blocked roads to the main government offices, parliament and the courts in central Harare.
Mnangagwa, a liberation war veteran and a long-time ally of Mugabe, was until this week seen as a favourite to succeed the 93 year old leader.
Years of political instability and economic mismanagement under the rule of ZANU-PF have left Zimbabwe’s financial system in chaos.
The legitimacy and credibility of those in power has been eroded by bad governance, patronage and the obsession to claim an exclusive agency representing the people.
Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe was confirmed on Saturday as his party’s sole candidate for the next presidential election in 2018, when he will be 94.
Acknowledging the threat social media poses to his government, Mugabe has activated laws that limit the free flow of information and subject private communication to state surveillance.
Zimbabwe’s ruling party is facing a wave of online and offline protest.
Television footage and pictures this month from the southern African country have shown baton-wielding riot police taking on groups of young men in restive Harare townships.
Zimbabweans stayed at home on July 6, forcing businesses to shut, in the biggest protest since 2007 against unemployment and corruption.