The father of the bride. The religious objector. The overseas citizen. The laadlis. The third gender. The bride and groom. Six profiles of people who have fallen through the cracks of the great Aadhaar net.
Kashmir has 20,000 widows and half-widows; women whose husbands were killed either by militants, state security forces or in the crossfire.
Widows have been historically discriminated against, but many are now coming together and engaging in practices they are socially excluded from to fight this discrimination.
Fifty-seven men were washed away by flash-floods on the night of June 17, 2013. All have since been declared dead by the state government.
Widows are often overlooked because they do not know their rights, or feel compelled to stay silent about the abuse they face, said Naana Otoo-Oyortey, head of women’s rights charity FORWARD.
Women for Human Rights says several discriminatory laws and policies have been amended in recent years, but campaigners say it will likely take many years for old prejudices to die out.
As they grow old, many women find that they are stranded without a support system and forced to fend for themselves in Tamil Nadu.