In addition to the increased risk of disease, the lack of sanitation facilities also makes women and girls susceptible to harassment and illiteracy.
In north Bihar’s Kosi, groundwater is very close to the surface, so people prefer to have their toilets farther away from home or they think defecation will contaminate their drinking water supply.
They think it is difficult to keep their men from drinking. At the same time, they don’t think the shops should be banned, only that they should be moved away.
The invention of the flush toilet was probably one of the most unsustainable innovations in human history.
According to the Indian census of 2011, only 46.9% of the 246.6 million households in India had their own toilet facilities, while 3.2% had access to public toilets.
An innovative way of building toilets may help the inhabitants of Bangladesh’s wetlands.
Apart from the Swachh Bharat Cess, meant to finance Narendra Modi’s favoured programme, other levies are supposed to finance education, environment, agriculture, infrastructure, sanitation and communication.
Bangladesh has virtually eliminated open air defecation, bringing it down to only 1% of its population who do not have access to indoor toilet facilities.
By this one judgement of setting qualifying standards to contest elections, the Supreme Court has ensured that power at the grassroots level will remain in the hands of the entrenched elite.
Construction of toilets in rural Rajasthan has changed the lives of women in the villages