The question now is how recent critical changes will impact on-the-ground military strategy.
Many foresee, at best, a ceasefire observed much of the time over much of a territory that will be effectively partitioned between competing forces.
The government detains 87% of those in custody, or 92,000 of the total 106,000, said Fadel Abdul Ghani, executive director of the Syrian Network for Human Rights.
‘Hitting Rock Bottom’, a study by UNICEF, found that there was a 20% increase in the number of children killed in Syria from 2015.
Syrian refugees have been banned from the US for the next 120 days. Whatever happens next, the country they are fleeing will never be the same again.
Syrian activists called on Sunday for the Assad government to engage in serious talks on political transition and for the UN to strengthen the fragile ceasefire as violence engulfed parts of the country.
Caught out by the side effects of the Syrian civil war and deteriorating relations with the EU and the US, Turkey now appears to be in search of South-South cooperation.
By taking centre stage at the Astana conference with Turkey as its ally and asserting itself in the Syrian civil war by organising a ceasefire, Russia has re-established itself as a global power of consequence.
In conversation with Boris Michel, regional director for Asia Pacific at the International Committee of the Red Cross, on the organisation’s work, the Syrian civil war, the Rohingya crisis, and the way forward for humanitarian and transnational organisations.
A joint inquiry for the UN and the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons had previously identified only military units and did not name any commanders or officials as being responsible.
The fall of Aleppo will only deepen the bloodthirsty sectarianism fuelled by regional powers, who continue to use Syria as a chessboard to further their geopolitical interests.
An initial deal that would have seen thousands of civilians and opposition fighters granted safe passage out of the city stalled on Wednesday and the planned exodus failed to materialise.
After a mere eight years in which diplomacy narrowly edged out militarism, the foreign policy elite rallying around Clinton has forgotten the lessons of the George W. Bush era.
Moscow believes that any military success in Syria needs determined and remorseless assault on the enemy without concern for civilians caught in the crossfire, and that the likelihood for political compromise is waning the longer the fighting continues.
Until now, EU rules allowed only for sanctions on individuals and companies targeted by the UN. EU governments could act individually.
The Obama administration’s strategy includes arming the opposition forces just enough for them to fight Assad, but not enough to overthrow the government.
As a new cessation of hostilities comes into force, Russia’s influence over the Syrian conflict is deepening.
The agreement’s initial aims include allowing humanitarian access and joint US-Russian targeting of jihadist groups, which are not covered by the agreement.
The already strained relations between Iran and Saudi Arabia suffered another blow when a top cleric denounced Iranian leaders as not proper Muslims.
“He was martyred while in hospital as a result of the same bombardment that their house was subjected to,” according to a local council spokesman of Aleppo.
It was the first time Russia has used the territory of another nation, apart from Syria itself, to launch such strikes since the Kremlin launched a bombing campaign to support Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in September last year.
The Manbij operation in which US special forces have played a significant role on the ground marks the most ambitious advance by a group allied to Washington in Syria since the US launched its military campaign against ISIS two years ago.
The Aleppo Media Centre, an online opposition news portal for the city, posted a video that it said was of victims of the gas attack: a child and adults wearing breathing apparatus. Two men interviewed said barrel bombs were dropped and there was a strong smell of gas. People then began to suffer breathing and eye problems.
The daily ceasefires in Aleppo will allow humanitarian convoys to enter the city safely to provide food supplies, infrastructure and medical services for the roughly 250,000 people believed to be trapped inside the city.
Rebel gains this weekend could change the balance of power in Aleppo, after Assad said a siege by government and allied forces on rebel-held east Aleppo in early July was a prelude to re-taking the city. The loss of Aleppo would be a crushing blow for rebels.
Rebels have been trying to break through a thin strip of government-controlled territory to reconnect insurgent areas in western Syria with their encircled sector of eastern Aleppo, in effect breaking a government siege begun last month.
Publicly blaming Russia would bring instant pressure on Washington to divulge its evidence, which relies on highly classified sources and methods.
No group has claimed responsibility for shooting down the helicopter. ISIS fighters are not active in the area, but there are other Islamist rebel groups there, as well as moderates backed by the US and its allies.
The Syrian National Coalition released photographs of children holding posters of Pokemon characters and appealing for help.
The continuing breach of cessation of hostilities in the area combined with a lack of humanitarian aid have made the resumption of talks difficult.
More than five years of war have displaced millions of Syrian children and limited their access to education.
For five years, the US has argued that Assad has lost the legitimacy to lead Syria because of the suffering his forces have inflicted on civilians. Russian officials question who might succeed him and argue that chaos would be worse.
The cessation in hostilities has been unravelling for weeks and the Syrian government has largely blocked humanitarian aid access despite repeated UN appeals to prevent civilians starving in besieged towns.
UN investigators said in February the reported killings of detainees amounted to a state policy of “extermination” of the civilian population, a crime against humanity.
Several recent cases of police abuse underscore the difficult path Tunisia is treading as it tries to nurture its young democracy and simultaneously fight Islamist militants.
The Red Cross and UN said their joint delivery was stopped at the last government checkpoint on the way into Daraya, a town held by rebels and besieged by the government.
The first attack was a suicide car bomb at a bustling market in the Shi’ite Muslim area of Sadr City. Two more blasts struck at the end of the working day.
The killing and enslaving of thousands from Iraq’s minority Yazidi community prompted the formation of this unusual 30-woman unit.
The prime minister has decided that Britain will take more Syrian child refugees who had made it to Europe, in a move to quell a rebellion in his party before a referendum on EU membership.
US Secretary of State John Kerry and his Russian counterpart, Sergei Lavrov, discussed ways to strengthen the ceasefire.