The Swachh Bharat Mission’s unthinking obsession with ‘behavioural change’ is taking an unconscionable toll on the poorest.
The government claims to have improved urban development, with a multiplicity of schemes to address a number of issues. But the numbers tell a different story.
The sanitation ministry has stated that efforts should be made to ensure that members of the community are “recognised as equal citizens”.
Indore’s relatively small size, the rapid urbanisation of its villages and the high rate of pre-existing latrine coverage make its open-defecation free status unique.
Despite emphasis on ’empowerment’ over ‘entitlements’, which comes with its own set of problems, health and education remain invisible in the Modi government’s social policy agenda.