The restoration at Suakin was agreed to during a visit to the ancient port by Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan.
Turkey has been battling a three-decade insurgency in its largely Kurdish southeast and fears the referendum will inflame separatist tensions at home.
Iraq considers the vote unconstitutional, especially as it was held not only within official KRG territory itself but also on disputed territory held by Kurds elsewhere in northern Iraq.
The vote may bring the biggest change in the country’s system of governance since the modern Turkish republic was founded on the ashes of the Ottoman Empire almost a century ago.
In the three and half months since a failed military coup, Turkey has sacked or suspended more than 110,000 people, launched a military incursion into Syria, and repeatedly threatened to do the same in Iraq.
A return to the founding principles of the modern republic could help ease divisions in a country that has become increasingly polarised in recent years. But in President Erdogan’s references to Ataturk, some see political opportunism rather than a sincere attempt to bridge an ideological rift.
By recreating a whole world around a group of traders in western India, Chhaya Goswami’s Globalization before Its Time is business history as it should be.
Seema Alavi’s book is a potent antidote to the widespread but ill-informed media narrative about Muslim resistance to forces of modernity and globalisation.
If the Ottomans had been aware of cricket’s popularity among South Asians and used this to encourage positive feelings towards the Empire, cricket might’ve had a different place in Turkey