The Swachh Bharat Mission’s unthinking obsession with ‘behavioural change’ is taking an unconscionable toll on the poorest.
‘Toilet: Ek Prem Katha’ looks less like a sincere effort to deconstruct and depict a complex reality, and more like an attempt to sidle up to one particular political party.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a mechanically-run government programme without a strong economic and environmental foundation and accompanying consciousness about what toilet cleanliness means.
The social objective is being converted into a writ that all must obey, with the state seeing citizens who are forced by poverty into open defecation as unsightly and inconvenient aberrations who must be bent and broken if need be.
West Bengal has around 12,000 brick kilns, which employ an estimated six lakh people. According to the 2011 census, there were 550,092 child workers in West Bengal, a figure which is likely to have increased since.
In spite of the 8 million new toilets constructed, patterns of toilet usage haven’t changed much. Analysing cultural variations in toilet use provides surprising insights into why this might be so, and what can be done to change it.
The rest is randomly dumped in rivers, seas, lakes and wells, polluting three-fourths of the country’s water bodies, according to an analysis of various data sources.
Haryana’s rural masses, especially women and dalits, burdened as they are by indebtedness and inadequate government investment in education and sanitation, will henceforth run the risk of being disqualified from standing for local body elections.
India needs a clear set of priorities that are driven by people’s ‘rightful share’ of national wealth. However, the set of domestic policies and programmes pursued by its government will produce neither inclusive, nor sustainable development.
It’s not that Indians are dirty but that the Indian state has never invested in the complete sanitation chain
What remains to be found – at least to establish the effects of open defecation exclusively on pregnancy – is the mechanism of infection
Ashish Gupta and Nikhil Shrivastav’s article, “Why Using Patriarchal Messaging to Promote Toilets is a Bad Idea”, is insightful but has misread the intent of the communication messages used to promote toilet use in rural Rajasthan. They believe that the sanitation messages tied to the practice of wearing […]