In rural Bihar, poor nutrition is caused by interrelated factors like the low-intake of nutritious food, lack of healthcare, poor sanitation, early marriage and the lack of breastfeeding.
The people continue to defecate in the open, though government records show the village has functional toilets.
Most anganwadi workers make less than minimum wage, yet their demands for better wages and facilities are ignored.
In an attempt to make the city ‘open defecation free’, families who had paid for toilets and were midway through construction allege that their houses were destroyed before surveyors came around.
Diane Coffey and Dean Spears’ Where India Goes is a path breaking addition to the literature on child malnutrition and development policy in India.
Where India Goes is essential reading not only for policy-makers and development professionals, but for anyone interested in the paradoxes of development in the early 21st century.
The order said that the photographs were to be sent to panchayat secretaries who were then to circulate them on social media to shame those defecating in the open.
“I had built a toilet but it had no water and I ran out of money to build a door. So I was out in fields when they came and took (arrested) us.”
In north Bihar’s Kosi, groundwater is very close to the surface, so people prefer to have their toilets farther away from home or they think defecation will contaminate their drinking water supply.
Women’s self-help groups in the villages of Jehanabad are encouraging people to build toilets in their homes and end open defecation.
The Swachh Bharat Mission’s unthinking obsession with ‘behavioural change’ is taking an unconscionable toll on the poorest.
‘Toilet: Ek Prem Katha’ looks less like a sincere effort to deconstruct and depict a complex reality, and more like an attempt to sidle up to one particular political party.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a mechanically-run government programme without a strong economic and environmental foundation and accompanying consciousness about what toilet cleanliness means.
The social objective is being converted into a writ that all must obey, with the state seeing citizens who are forced by poverty into open defecation as unsightly and inconvenient aberrations who must be bent and broken if need be.
West Bengal has around 12,000 brick kilns, which employ an estimated six lakh people. According to the 2011 census, there were 550,092 child workers in West Bengal, a figure which is likely to have increased since.
In spite of the 8 million new toilets constructed, patterns of toilet usage haven’t changed much. Analysing cultural variations in toilet use provides surprising insights into why this might be so, and what can be done to change it.
The rest is randomly dumped in rivers, seas, lakes and wells, polluting three-fourths of the country’s water bodies, according to an analysis of various data sources.
Haryana’s rural masses, especially women and dalits, burdened as they are by indebtedness and inadequate government investment in education and sanitation, will henceforth run the risk of being disqualified from standing for local body elections.
India needs a clear set of priorities that are driven by people’s ‘rightful share’ of national wealth. However, the set of domestic policies and programmes pursued by its government will produce neither inclusive, nor sustainable development.
It’s not that Indians are dirty but that the Indian state has never invested in the complete sanitation chain
What remains to be found – at least to establish the effects of open defecation exclusively on pregnancy – is the mechanism of infection
Ashish Gupta and Nikhil Shrivastav’s article, “Why Using Patriarchal Messaging to Promote Toilets is a Bad Idea”, is insightful but has misread the intent of the communication messages used to promote toilet use in rural Rajasthan. They believe that the sanitation messages tied to the practice of wearing […]