Over 700,000 Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh’s sprawling camps constantly struggle to meet basic needs of food, water and sanitation.
The refugees who arrived in Bangladesh on Monday said they were driven out by hunger because food markets in Myanmar’s western Rakhine state have been shut down and aid deliveries restricted.
Suu Kyi said in a televised address on Thursday evening that she would invite aid organisations and business leaders to take part in the initiative.
Domestic investigations, including a previous internal military probe, have largely dismissed refugees’ claims of abuses committed during security forces’ “clearance operations”.
Credible information indicates that the Myanmar security forces purposely destroyed the property of the Rohingyas and entire villages in northern Rakhine State.
With the Rohingya refugee influx, India faces a litmus test on its commitment to international law in its domestic refugee policy implementation.
The insurgents said on Saturday they were ready to respond to any peace move by the government, even though the ceasefire was ending at midnight on Monday.
Behind the savaging of a land and its people in Myanmar’s Rakhine state is a murky tale of resource appropriation and prospects of spoils from reckless industrial development.
The dramatic exodus of Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar’s northwest is putting pressure on Western policymakers to take action.
Authorities said the action was a crackdown on human and drug trafficking, accusing smugglers of using the exodus to bring methamphetamine into the country.
Any resolution imposing economic or military sanctions on Myanmar is likely to be vetoed either by China or Russia – or both.
Earlier this week, Myanmar authorities had displayed the bodies of Hindu villagers they say were killed by Muslim insurgents.
Myanmar’s representative on the council, Hau Khan Sum, said the mission was “not helpful; it is not in line with the situation on the ground.”
US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley called on countries to suspend providing weapons to Myanmar over violence against Rohingya Muslims.
A number of winners of the peace prize have gone on to launch wars or escalate them.
Journalists flown to site of mass killing in Rakhine that survivors and the Myanmar army say was carried out by Rohingya militants.
The possibility of the Council issuing an official statement has not been ruled out though a stronger resolution is likely to be vetoed by China and Russia.
Myanmar said before the mass graves were found that more than 400 people had been killed, most of them insurgents.
More than 422,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled to Bangladesh from Myanmar since August 25, when attacks by Rohingya militants triggered a military crackdown.
As Rohingya people continue to flee Rakhine State and allege widespread persecution, a look at their struggle through the years.
Vice President Thio assured aid “to all those in need without discrimination”, adding security forces have been asked to exercise maximum restraint to avoid harming civilians in Rakhine.
The protest was testament to rising communal animosity that threatens to complicate the delivery of vital supplies.
The Hindu refugees say they are scared of going back to their villages in Buddhist-majority Myanmar’s restive Rakhine State, but also wary of staying in mostly Muslim Bangladesh.
At least 420,000 Rohingya have since fled into neighbouring Bangladesh to escape what a senior UN official has called a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing”.
Western governments that backed Suu Kyi’s campaign against military rule still see her as the best hope for Myanmar’s political and economic transition.
This is the first time India has mentioned the cause of the refugee crisis, though it has still not named the Rohingya.
Stressing on dialogue to end the “fire of war” , China supported Myanmar’s actions as in the interest of national security while promising humanitarian aid to Bangladesh.
New Delhi has to find ways to pressure the Myanmar authorities to create a safe atmosphere for the Rohingya.
Although she said she felt deeply for the suffering of those caught in the ongoing conflict, Suu Kyi did not use the term “Rohingya” to refer to the Muslim minority in Rakhine State.
Nearly one month into the humanitarian catastrophe and emerging regional security crisis, the world is still waiting for a meaningful reaction.
“The UN Security Council and concerned countries should impose targeted sanctions and an arms embargo on the Burmese military to end its ethnic cleansing campaign,” Human Rights Watch said.
Hundreds of thousands of Indians fled Burma when Japan invaded in 1942, including my father and his family.
Bangladesh said Myanmar drones and helicopters had violated its air space three times in the last week, warning that such “provocative acts may lead to unwarranted consequences”.
Bangladeshi media says that India’s modified policy towards the Rohingya crisis came through a Thursday phone call between Sushma Swaraj and Sheikh Hasina.
“What is our country, where are we from, where will we go; that is what I have to ask your people.”
Two refugees said their family members were detained by fishermen or brokers in Bangladesh when they could not pay for the journey.
Among the most pressing issues expected to be discussed during the annual meeting is the humanitarian crisis and escalation of violence in Myanmar.
The first tranche of the relief material reached Chittagong in an Indian Air Force plane today.
A UN commission of experts defined ethnic cleansing as “rendering an area ethnically homogeneous by using force or intimidation to remove persons of given groups”.
The top UN human rights official has called Myanmar’s operations against the Rohingya as “a textbook example of ethnic cleansing”.