The announcement follows the end of the 154-day battle for Marawi city which stunned Philippine’s military inexperienced in urban combat.
Without understanding the context of words such as Wahhabi, Salafi and Takfiri, reportage on Islamic militancy may obscure more than it reveals.
A meeting of security officials was under way inside one of the hotels, SYL, at the time of blast and one minister, some radio journalists were injured.
Ishrat Akhond, a woman in the restaurant, refused even to identify herself as Muslim and court release. She abjured Islam itself as a global identity and mission, and in doing so recovered her particularity as a Muslim.
While the government continues to deny IS presence and blames local groups, militancy has become a huge threat for tourists, foreign traders, liberals and minorities.
Islamic militant groups have re-organised themselves in the context of the new realities of social media, deep political divisions within the country and the demands of global jihadist organisations.