Colombia’s Constitutional Court has struck down two provisions meant to speed approval of laws on the government’s peace deal with Marxist FARC rebels.
What can Colombia can learn from other nations’ transitions, both successful and unsuccessful, from war to peace?
Two months after signing peace accords with the FARC guerrillas, Colombia has begun negotiations with the country’s second-largest rebel group, the ELN.
More than 6,000 FARC fighters are set to finish arriving at UN camps in the coming days to hand over weapons and begin reintegration programmes.
Just under 4,400 FARC fighters are currently making their way to more than two dozen rural camps scattered around the country, accompanied by officials from the UN and the government.
The Colombian government has joined forces with the FARC rebels in order to end the cultivation of coca as part of the peace deal between the two.
The ELN rebel group in Colombia is ready to call a ceasefire and begin peace talks with the government, ending years of conflict between the two.
The much-delayed peace talks to begin after the guerrillas release a politician being held hostage.
A video, which shows men clad in UN jackets dancing with female rebels, created controversy questioning the neutrality of the UN observers in Colombia.
In Night Prayers, Santiago Gamboa charts the lives of three Colombian characters as they navigate life in four different Asian countries.
New governments were voted in, others struggled through crises, some economies recovered and one country inched closer to peace. Next year brings promise to some, stability to others and continued unrest elsewhere.
The court’s 8-1 decision will cut the approval time to six months instead of a year, Senate President Mauricio Lizcano told journalists.
Colombia’s Congress may have ratified the Santos government’s revised peace deal with the FARC, but the path ahead is unlikely to be easy, given the revival in social and political aggression against the left.
The ratification of the revised peace deal begins a six-month countdown for the 7,000-strong FARC, which started as a rebellion fighting rural poverty, to abandon weapons and form a political party.
The new accord was put together in just over a month after the original pact was narrowly and unexpectedly defeated in an October 2 referendum for being too lenient on the rebels.
“We have the unique opportunity to close this painful chapter in our history that has bereaved and afflicted millions of Colombians for half a century,” the president said in a televised address.
The latest accord aims to satisfy objections made by millions of Colombians who voted down the original deal in a referendum last month.
“I agree that the discussions should move to Congress, and we will do so next week, on Wednesday,” Santos said in a televised address.
The government and FARC said the new document incorporated proposals from the opposition, religious leaders and others to end the conflict.
The new deal limits the work of the special tribunals to ten years and requires any investigations be opened within the first two years.
Colombians rejected the accord with the FARC in a surprise plebiscite result this month.
Awarding Santos with the Nobel Peace Prize accomplishes many things – it gives legitimacy to the peace agreement, encourages Santos to continue his efforts and puts pressure on the opposition for its reluctance to accept the deal
The decision comes as Santos and his team hear proposals from representatives of those who voted against the accord as too lenient on the Marxist rebels.
FARC leader, Rodrigo Londono, has met with the government several times and is confident that the peace deal can be resuscitated.
Uribe, now a popular opposition senator, led the group of Colombians that narrowly rejected a peace deal with FARC in a plebiscite last week.
The announcement came as a surprise to FARC leaders who have been in talks with government negotiators in Havana since the plebiscite.
Deepak Bhojwani, former Indian ambassador to Colombia, discusses the factors that led to the No camp’s victory, the implications of the vote and the path ahead for the country.
Colombians narrowly rejected a peace deal with Marxist guerrillas in a referendum with the “no” camp winning by 50.21% to 49.78% for the “yes” camp.
The prize might be shared by President Juan Manuel Santos and Marxist FARC rebel leader Timochenko after they signed the peace accord.
Colombians are preparing to vote on the peace deal between the government and the FARC which will end 52 years of armed conflict in the country.
FARC commander Mauricio Jaramillo said some business owners had been in touch with rebel leaders to ask about future projects in post-war Colombia.
President Juan Manuel Santos and rebel leader Timochenko warmly shook hands on Colombian soil for the first time and signed the accord with a pen made from a bullet casing.
FARC may find an electoral foothold among poor farmers and committed leftists, but many Colombians are worried that ex-fighters will join criminal gangs.
Only a combination of Indian coercive and non-violent capabilities, and a willingness to bargain, can motivate Pakistan to remove the threat of violence. And just as threat of force alone will not work for India, terrorism won’t get Pakistan what it wants from India.
Some 5,000 members and supporters of Patriotic Union political party were killed by right-wing paramilitary groups who were often working with state backing.
Some 27,000 people were kidnapped between 1970 and 2010, according official figures. As many as 90% of those were seized by the FARC.
Colombia’s President has sent the text of the accord to congress, where legislators have 30 days to go over it before a national referendum on October 2.
The government and the FARC have agreed a deal to end the 50-year guerrilla war. But those against the agreement believe the guerrillas will be let off too lightly and will never make reparations – issues that could pose a challenge to lasting peace.
The historic accord foresees the demobilisation of FARC, whose cocaine-funded rebels fought the government in a war that killed at least 220,000 people.
Humberto de la Calle, negotiator for the government said that the FARC will have handed in all their arms to the United Nations within 180 days.