Was the early conception of IS a branching-out of the old Baath party? Or was it, as some argue, completely separate with no connection at all? Reality is probably a bit of a mix of both.
ISIS’s looming defeat is to be cheered, but the costs have been huge – loss of civilian life, destruction of ancient cities, increased attacks abroad and brewing conflicts in the region.
The continued ability for ISIS to mount attacks in areas where it was thought to have been eliminated will hinder efforts to stabilise regions when the fighting wanes.
Several hundred Mosul residents,including taxi drivers, Iraqi soldiers and defectors from ISIS, provided crucial information on ISIS militants.
Security officials described Thursday’s attacks as an attempt to send a message to ISIS followers that the group is still strong and can operate in other parts of Iraq following its territorial losses.
It is the largest group of foreigners linked to ISIS to be held by Iraqi forces since they began driving the militants from Mosul and other areas in northern Iraq last year, an aid official said.
Since it is unrealistic to protect every public space against the rising vehicle-ramming attacks, there is a need to target the roots of radicalisation to prevent them.
For many, however, Eid celebrations were overshadowed by fear for thousands stuck in the Old City in western Mosul still under ISIS control.
Aid workers have said that a full siege is developing in Mosul and fear that the longer the conflict drags on, the more civilians will suffer.
History suggests the militants will respond to any discontent with brutality, especially after losing control of the cities of Falluja and Ramadi this year.
ISIS fighters have tried to divert the attention of forces from Mosul by launching attacks on other cities.
Hundreds of thousands of Christians have fled Mosul and other cities in recent years in the face of intimidation, death threats and violence.
About 30,000 troops were expected to take part from the Iraqi army, Kurdish Peshmerga militia and Sunni tribal fighters, while estimates of ISIS forces in the city range from 4,000 to 8,000.
For Moscow, Pakistan’s rising salience is driven by its fears about the spread of ISIS, and its perception that India has drawn too close to the United States.
Thousands of civilians are thought to be trapped in Shirqat, and officials have warned for months of a humanitarian disaster inside, where residents living under ISIS’s harsh rule say food supplies have dwindled and prices soared.
Interviews with soldiers who survived the siege of Fallujah reveal the immense human cost that the battle extracted.
It is the second US killing of a prominent ISIS leader in the region in months.
Talmiz Ahmad is a former Indian ambassador to Saudi Arabia, Oman, and UAE and a leading expert on West Asia and political Islam.
Of the 17 people arrested by Turkish government, 11 are foreigners from Russia, Uzbekistan, Dagestan.
The quasi-state is now vulnerable to attack on many fronts, thanks to fewer militants to enforce its draconian rules and unsuccessful efforts to recruit locals.
As many as 25 homes had been burned down in Kowt district, and five civilians were reported kidnapped.
Am Adasa had been under the militants’ control since 2014, when ISIS proclaimed its caliphate straddling Syria and Iraq. The governments of Syria and Iraq have launched offensives on other fronts against the group.
No matter what role the ports play in the future – intensifying regional and global rivalries or stimulating development – the Makran coast finds itself at the brink of emerging from isolation.
The battle in Falluja has allowed Abadi to shift the focus domestically away from a crisis that unfolded when he failed to push through a cabinet reshuffle he sought as part of his drive to fight corruption.
The brigades had already claimed control over a number of strategic sites on Sirte’s outskirts including an air base, several military camps and a roundabout where IS had previously hung the bodies of executed enemies.
The 17-month US effort to retrain and reunify Iraq’s regular army has failed to create a large number of effective Iraqi combat units or limit the power of sectarian militias.
The government says it has no choice but to screen fleeing men and boys to prevent Islamic State fighters from escaping among civilians. Amnesty International has said people as young as 15 were being held in “inhumane and degrading conditions”.
Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi announced the launching of an offensive to retake the Islamic State stronghold of Falluja after the military told residents to get ready to leave before fighting started.
Ferocious conflict along Yemen’s northern border between Saudi Arabia and Iran-allied Houthis has defied two previous attempts to seal peace.
The car drew up in front of the house of the commander in the Nazian district of Nangarhar, in eastern Afghanistan. It was unclear whether the militia leader, whose name was given only as Dehqan, was injured in the attack.
Instead of emphasising on liberal values and protection of minorities, European leaders have tended to speak in terms of war and aggression
The manner in which the group reaches and radicalises young impressionable people around the world is a lesson in the power of communication
The rows over JNU and Rohith Vemula have been missed opportunities for the Muslims of India to express their solidarity with other marginalised communities.
Groups that have a vested interest in communal polarisation – including separatists, Hindutva formations, and regional parties – see an advantage in amplifying the threat (or strength, in the opposite perception) of Pak-backed Islamist terror
The new year has commenced with the execution of Saudi Arabia’s firebrand Shia cleric, Sheikh Nimr Baqir al-Nimr, the attack on the Saudi embassy in Tehran, and the Saudi decision to break diplomatic ties with Iran by asking its ambassador to leave Riyadh in 48 hours. These events mark the […]
The biggest threats to peace in Afghanistan still continue to emanate from the Pakistani deep state, and not from dysfunctional Arab states.
What is it with BJP ministers that an official visit to the United States persuades them that there is virtue in playing deputy sheriff to Uncle Sam?
It is time India and Pakistan began thinking about how they can work together to ensure peace and stability in the country.
A disproportionate response to acts of terror often ends up being hugely beneficial to the terrorists themselves.
We are truly entering the era of ‘retail’ terrorism – attacks launched by individuals or groups who consider themselves to be ‘franchisees’ of ISIS.