By not giving decisive actions that prioritised vulnerable people a permanent place on the agenda, along with the expertise and the means to do so, the Fijian Presidency has failed in its mandate.
The text, a sort of gentlemen’s agreement at the moment, will now have to be approved by the COP and countries’ ministers. If they do, it will be adopted at a COP plenary on Friday.
US mayors and governors want to show the world they stand by US commitments, but to their African counterparts solidarity means cash.
‘America’s Pledge’ is inspiring because it comes at a time when negotiations are not moving fast enough to keep up with climate science and citizens are realising that they’re on their own.
Ghana and Ukraine are among the countries for whom the presence of the US coal industry at the Bonn talks is an opportunity to strike energy deals.
The US and the EU, among other developed nations, have said that they are not going to allow scrutiny of whether they are on track to meet their climate-change mitigation targets.
With Donald Trump having avowed to withdraw from the Paris climate deal, the Pan African Climate Justice Alliance has said the US has no right to be involved in talks on how to implement the deal.
Day one of the UN climate summit outlined fault lines in climate change negotiations even as a global weather report warned that the world was on track to be warmer by 3.2º C by 2100.
Despite calm rhetoric, negotiators are nervous of the Trump effect, and say consensus ‘can unravel very quickly’.
At the UN negotiations, which run till May 18 in the German city of Bonn, more than 200 nations will work out the detailed rules for the Paris agreement.
As the Bonn climate talks begin, there are clear signs that developed countries want to renegotiate the Paris agreement. Developing countries must ensure they do not let this happen.
Details left vague by the 31-page Paris Agreement include how countries will report and monitor their domestic pledges to curb greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to changes such as more floods, storms, desertification and rising seas.