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Politics

How Many Women Were Elected as MLAs on December 3?

Only one of the four states where results were declared on Sunday – Chhattisgarh – has more than 20% women MLAs, at 19 out of the total 90 MLAs.

New Delhi: Results came in on Sunday of the assembly elections in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Telangana. While the big picture results – Bharatiya Janata Party’s big victories in all states except Telangana, and the Congress’s win in the southern states – have crowded all the results, there are other parts of these results that can be analysed.

Given that the Union government passed the women’s reservation Bill just two months ago – but then clarified that it would not be implemented till 2029 – it is interesting to see where these assemblies stand in terms of the representation of women.

Analysis by PRS Legislative Research has found that only one of these states – Chhattisgarh – has more than 20% women MLAs, at 19 out of the total 90 MLAs. This is the highest proportion of women the state has ever seen in the assembly, at 21%, but is still far less that the 33% reservation the Bill would create.

Other states fared even worse. Telangana elected 10 women MLAs of the total 119 this year, up from six in 2018. This means 8% of the assembly will comprise women.

In Madhya Pradesh, women contestants won 27 of the 230 seats in the assembly – putting their share in the house at 11.7%. The highest ever was in 2013, when 30 women were elected in the state.

In Rajasthan, the share of women MLAs has gone this time when compared to last time. While there were 24 women election in 2018, that number has fallen to 20 – or 10% – this year.