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Agartala: Tripura topped in the Northeastern region in terms of political conflict, with 0.5% crimes per one lakh people. Arunachal Pradesh holds the second position with 0.1% of political conflicts, followed by Manipur.
‘Crime in India 2020’, a report published by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), found that except Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur, no other states in the Northeast region registered any political conflicts last year.
The report has claimed that in 2020, Tripura registered around 22 cases of political conflicts. Meanwhile, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur registered one each.
The report also found that last year, Assam registered a total 829 cases of rioting in the section of offenses against public tranquility. Tripura saw 83 such cases, Manipur had 60, Arunachal Pradesh 10, Meghalaya two cases and one each in Sikkim and Mizoram. However, no such cases were reported in Nagaland last year.
On communal and religious violence, Assam had 17 cases, followed by Arunachal Pradesh with six.
In sectarian conflicts, except Manipur with five cases in 2020, no other Northeast state registered such cases.
As per the NCRB report, “A total of 71,107 cases of offenses against public tranquility were registered under various sections of IPC during 2020, out of which rioting (51,606 cases) accounted for 72.61% of total such cases. The cases of offenses against public tranquility has increased by 12.4% in 2020 over 2019 (63,262 cases).”
Assam had 1,131 murder cases registered last year, followed by 114 cases in Tripura, 79 cases in Meghalaya, 46 cases in Manipur, 45 cases in Arunachal Pradesh, 28 in Mizoram, 25 cases in Nagaland and 11 cases in Sikkim.
Nine cases of medical negligence were registered in Assam, followed by two cases registered in Tripura. No other state in the region had any such case registered, as per the report.
Assam had 148 cases of dowry deaths registered last year, followed by 23 cases in Tripura and one case in each of Manipur, Nagaland and Meghalaya. No dowry deaths were registered in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Sikkim.
In Assam, 1,316 cases of attempt to murder were registered, followed by 117 cases in Tripura, 109 cases in Manipur, 58 cases in Meghalaya, 37 cases in Arunachal Pradesh, 24 cases in Nagaland, ten in Mizoram and seven cases in Sikkim.
Assam tops NE states in terms of rape cases with 1,657 cases registered as per the report, followed by 79 cases in Tripura, 67 cases in Meghalaya, 60 cases in Arunachal Pradesh, 33 cases in Mizoram, 32 cases in Manipur, 12 cases in Sikkim and four cases in Nagaland.
In kidnapping and abduction, Tripura came second with 127 cases, after Assam which had 6934 cases registered in the category last year. They were followed by Meghalaya with 91 cases, 81 cases in Manipur, 78 cases in Arunachal Pradesh, 32 cases in Sikkim, 24 cases in Nagaland and three cases registered in Mizoram.
However, Tripura has fared well in terms of culpable homicides, sedition, offenses against the state, kidnapping for ransom, wrongful restraint, human trafficking among other cases.
According to NCRB data, crimes under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) or Special and Local Laws (SLL) have significantly reduced.
In 2018, 1,20,573 crimes were registered in Assam; in 2019, it was 1,32,783, while last year it was 1,21,609. In Arunachal Pradesh, 2,817 crimes were registered in 2018, 2,877 in 2019 and 2,503 in 2020. In Manipur, it has also reduced from 3,781 in 2018, 3,661 in 2019 to 2,986 in 2020.
Similarly, in Meghalaya, 3,482 crimes were registered in 2018, 3,897 in 2019 and 3,744 in 2020. In Mizoram, 2,351 crimes were registered in 2018, 2,880 in 2019, and 2,289 in 2020. In Nagaland, 1,775 was in 2018, 1,661 crimes in 2019 and 1,511 crimes in 2020. In Sikkim in 2018, 869 crimes took place, 821 in 2019 and 675 in 2020. In Tripura, there were 6,078 crimes in 2018, 5,988 in 2019 and 4,653 in 2020.