New Delhi: Holding the developed world responsible for much of the effects of climate change, environment minister Prakash Javadekar on Friday asserted India will not bow down to any international pressure on the issue and safeguard its own interest first.
The minister blamed the developed countries for not keeping up to their commitment of providing $100 billion and technology transfer collectively to developing countries like India for dealing with climate change.
Replying to a calling attention notice on “situation arising out of climate change in the country and steps taken by the government in regard thereto” in Rajya Sabha, the minister said, “It is true that developed world is responsible for most of the the climate change situation today.”
Elaborating, he said,”Over 70% of green house gas emissions is due to the developed countries while India’s contribution is just 3%. There was over consumption by the people in the developed word.”
“There are over 800 cars for every 1000 people in developed countries, while in India this ratio is just 25 cars per 1000 people. India’s per capita power consumption is over 1000 units while it ranges from 10,000 units to 12,000 units in developed world.”
“We will not bow down to any pressure from developed countries on climate change issues. They had committed $100 billion and technology transfer for developing nations for dealing with climate change issue. But that has not happened.”
Under the COP21 Paris agreement, India committed to reduce its emission intensity of Gross Domestic Product by 33-35% by 2030 from the 2005 level and also achieve 40% power generation from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030.
Calling the attention of the Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Rewati Raman Singh (SP) sought to know the situation arising out of climate change in the country and steps taken by the government in this regard.
Initiating the discussion, Javadekar said so far, 33 states and union territories have prepared their climate action plan.
“India will also work towards creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
The minister said emission intensity of the GDP has decreased by 21% in 2014, as compared to the 2005 levels. “Thereby we have achieved our voluntary pre-2020 goal of reducing emission intensity by 20-25%,” he said.
However, Singh said the effects of climate change are visible throughout India with the delayed arrival of monsoons which is a dangerous situation. He deemed as “insufficient” the government’s efforts to arrest impact of climate change.
D. Raja of the Communist Party of India said developed nations are trying to blame climate change on developing countries like India and China and such an argument should be refuted.
Congress leader Jairam Ramesh said the job of the environment minister is not to clear projects but to protect the environment. He said if the government was to deal with climate change, it will have to take some hard decisions and those decisions may clash sometimes with the ease of doing business.