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Government

Ever Wondered About Your Value to the Government? Take a Look at Your Tax Contributions

Do you notice the GST charges on your purchases, along with other taxes like tolls, fuel cess, duties, and excise?

Are you employed? Do you have a regular source of income? Do you pay income tax? Do you purchase provisions, clothing, household goods, eyewear, footwear, fashion accessories, vehicles, furniture, or services such as haircuts, or pay rent and EMIs? Do you notice the GST charges on your purchases, along with other taxes like tolls, fuel cess, duties, and excise?

Do you have any idea how valuable you are to the government?

Consider a typical family of four. From electricity bills, tea leaves and coffee powder, toothpaste and brush, shaving blade, shampoo, hair oil, detergents, cleaning liquids, branded grains and atta, pulses, towels, bedsheets, mattresses, domestic LPG, edible oil, spices, butter, ghee, mobile phones, computers, printers, furniture, cars and bikes, fridge, TV, air conditioner, every purchase incurs GST ranging 5% to 28%.

I have performed actual calculations based on the average consumption and expenditure of a typical family, applying a weighted average depending on the amount spent on each item. Hence, I can safely take 18% as the average tax paid on each and every payment that one makes in a month.

One of the high non-GST expenses at home, after school and college fee and healthcare expenses, include the petrol and diesel used in your vehicles.

In Karnataka, the base price for petrol is Rs 57.07 per litre, with an additional 0.20 paisa added as freight charges, making the dealer’s cost to the oil company. The state imposes a uniform statewide tax of 25.9%, amounting to Rs 21.17 paisa. Furthermore, excise duty and road cess charged by the central government add up to Rs 19.90 per litre. Additionally, the commission paid to petrol pump dealers is Rs 3.84 per litre. Therefore, when purchasing petrol at the cost of Rs 101.94 per litre in Bengaluru, the taxes and duties component amount to Rs 44.67 paisa. If a family uses around 50 litres of petrol in a month, in addition to the GST paid for other purchases, they additionally pay Rs 2,233 every month for vehicle fuel alone.

Then, of course, there is the property tax that you pay every year, stamp duty charges on important transactions. Service charges on all your loans are taxed at 18%.

Additionally, individuals also pay a health and education cess at 4% on their income tax. Apart from this, there is the GST compensation cess, national calamity contingent duty on tobacco and tobacco products, building and other construction welfare cess, road and infrastructure cess, cess on crude oil, cess on exports, etc. that goes to the Centre, and not shared with the states. These taxes are levied on the tax liability, including surcharges.

When individuals use expressways or highways, they pay toll tax. For economy class air tickets, one has to pay 5% GST. For business class and international travel, it is 12%. When travelling by train, the GST on first class and AC compartment is 5%. Rents on building properties for commercial purposes is 18%. When one takes a ride on Ola or Uber in India, GST is charged at 5%. For services availed from food delivery platforms, such as Swiggy and Zomato, 5% GST is charged. The cost of medicines includes an additional 18% on top of GST.

Depending on your income slab, the income tax varies.

[Up to Rs 3,00,000 – NIL/ Rs 300,000 to Rs 6,00,000 – 5% on income which exceeds Rs 3,00,000/ Rs 6,00,000 to Rs 900,000 – Rs 15,000 + 10% on income more than Rs 6,00,000/ Rs 9,00,000 to Rs 12,00,000 – Rs 45,000 + 15% on income more than Rs 9,00,000/ Rs 12,00,000 to Rs 15,00,000 – Rs 90,000 + 20% on income more than Rs 12,00,000/ Above Rs 15,00,000 – Rs 150,000 + 30% on income more than Rs 15,00,000]

If you are a businessperson, it is quite possible to allocate most of your personal expenditures as company expenses and offset all the GST amounts paid against your own liabilities. Depending on how crooked their chartered accountant is, the business will ensure that the accounting books are written in a manner that minimises the amount of income tax owed.

But then, if you are a salaried middle-class family, sorry my friend, bad luck. You have to pay all taxes with absolutely zero provision to pass it on anywhere else. Every single rupee that you pay as tax, cess, duty, surcharge, etc. goes to the government. Cheer up, you are precious, very very precious to the government.

I would strongly encourage you to do this exercise at home.

For the next three months, retain every single invoice for the goods and services that you consume. Total up the taxes, surcharges, cess, excise and customs duty, etc. that you pay, add the proportion of income tax and cess/surcharges for the three months in consideration, add the taxes and cess on fuel, restaurant, pubs, in everything that you pay.

Now calculate the percentage amount that you shelve out to the government out of your total income in the same period. You might surprise yourself with the results.

Do the same exercise in the same period every year. That will give you a good idea of how price rises, or inflation, are impacting you. And if your income has not correspondingly increased during the year, then you’ll know how much poorer you have become at the end of the year.

Having done that, take a deep look into the government programmes, projects and expenditure. It is your money that they are using. Also remember, the money saved in your banks are often used to provide loans to industries and the business community, in accordance with government policies. The fate of the money invested in equity, bonds, mutual funds, too, depends on the government’s economic and fiscal policies.

The value of the rupee is also influenced by the balance of exports and imports. India’s trade relationships with other countries play a significant role in this regard. Furthermore, domestic policies affecting the income growth of individuals in the lower economic strata can impact government revenue growth and the reduction of subsidies.

Paul Koshy is a consultant in infrastructure development and engineering.