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Elections Won or Lost, BJP Is Succeeding in Realising its Hindutva Dreams

The battle for a 'Hindu rashtra' has to be won in the minds of the people before it can be legitimised in Parliament. This requires a three pronged strategy: enlist support for the cause; discourage any opposition; and create on-ground conditions for a majoritarian state.

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Last week I received a draft petition to the Election Commission of India (ECI) from a well-known writer and activist of civil society about the use of electronic voting machines (EVM), with a request to obtain endorsements for it. I forwarded it to about 20 contacts, all well-read people, engaged with and concerned about the state of our democracy under the present regime.

Only four of them endorsed the memorandum, the others have maintained a strategic silence. And therein lies an unpleasant and disturbing truth – it’s time we faced up to it.

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is winning the game. While the official proclamation of a ‘Hindu rashtra’ may still be some years in the future, it is taking shape on the ground and will be a fait accompli very soon. The eloquent silence of 16 of my friends is an indication that it is safer to be silent and accept the inevitable; what will be, will be.

The battle for a ‘Hindu rashtra’ has to be won in the minds of the people before it can be legitimised in Parliament or in the courts. This requires a three pronged strategy: enlist support for the cause; discourage any opposition to it; and create on-ground conditions for a majoritarian state when its time comes.

And this is to be done regardless of election results; if the BJP wins the elections (which it generally does), that is a bonus. If it doesn’t, it will still have laid a platform for the kind of India that other parties will find difficult to oppose. The BJP is going about this job with its usual careful planning and ruthless execution, while other parties are still floundering in a morass of competing egos and Power Point presentations.

For a ‘Hindu rashtra’ to be born, it is imperative that a large section of 80% Hindu population of India be convinced that minorities, especially the Muslims, are the anti-national ‘other’ and need to be put in their place. This is being done through a blend of legislative measures and lumpen elements.

Triple Talaq, Hijab and beef bans, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) and National Register of Citizens (NRC) and a Uniform Civil Code (UCC) belong to the first group. To the second belong the shobha yatras, provocative sloganeering outside mosques, bulldozers, Dharma Sansads and the in-your-face Hanuman Chalisa.

Also read: Hanuman Chalisa Row: Tension Prevails Outside Maharashtra MLA Ravi Rana’s Residence

The violent reactions to this relentless persecution, provocation and sloganeering are exactly what the BJP wants as they further demonise the ‘other’ community in the minds of the majority and reaffirm the necessity for a nation for Hindus.

The idea is to generate a fear (if not hate) psychosis, which is fertile ground for planting the seeds of division. So far, at least the BJP has been successful at this. With each Jahangirpuri, Khargone or Jodhpur, the impending harvest looks more promising.

The BJP appears to have been quite successful in enlisting support for its perverted weltanschauung. Bearing testimony to this are the daily hate messages on one’s Whatapp; the nature and tenor of media reporting; groups of retired government officials (like the Concerned Citizens Group) quick to take on any other group which has the temerity to be critical of the regime; members of Big Capital who benefit from the fact that cronyism is the obverse side of communalism; daily defections from other parties to the BJP; stupendous contributions to electoral bonds; the victory in all eight seats in Lakhimpur Kheri, and so on.

Most approve of the BJP’s communal and majoritarian vision of the country, the others are either silent or tagging along for the ride on the gravy train. Either way, support for the saffron party is growing.

Any opposition to this grand plan is ruthlessly crushed; by the state police in BJP-ruled states and by central agencies in others. A Jignesh Mavani will be arrested and hauled 2,500 miles to another state; an Aakar Patel or Rana Ayyub will be prevented from going abroad; inconvenient TV stations and YouTube channels will be shut down; NGOs will be deregistered, teachers will be sacked for teaching the “wrong” lesson; houses and shops will be bulldozed if you resist the march to the promised land.

A bulldozer at Shaheen Bagh. Photo: Sumedha Pal

It is not without reason that our Prime Minister has not entertained a single press conference in his own country in eight years, or that he refuses to take questions at press conferences abroad. It is also not without reason that the latest Press Freedom Index shows that India has further slipped eight places to 150th rank out of 180 countries. But all this is small change for big bucks.

Also read: An SOS For India’s Democracy And Media

The inescapable truth is that the country is steadily moving in the direction the BJP and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) want it to; a fatigue is setting in among the minorities and those remaining with liberal values; even the opposition is casting itself in the new mould.

A Nitish Kumar has betrayed every principle he grew up with, so long as he can remain chief minister (and maybe become President, if his current posturing is any thing to go by). A Naveen Patnaik will continue to prevaricate, refuse to take a stand and support the government in Parliament. As will a Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy (YSR) or a K. Chandrashekar Rao (KCR), so long as they can continue in power in their own states, ignoring the erosion of federalism, the imposition of Hindi and the misuse of central agencies, all of which are steadily cutting away the ground under their feet.

Arvind Kejriwal is perhaps the most unethical, duplicitous and opportunistic of the lot. While giving anti-Modi bytes in public, he has abandoned the minorities, refused to be counted on Shaheen Bagh, the farmers’ protests, the Northeast Delhi riots and Jahangirpuri.

In fact, in this last incident, he has out-Heroded even the BJP, blaming it all on the Rohingya and Bangladeshis, which is precisely the right-wing narrative. He will soon discover – to the country’s cost – that one can’t run with the hare and hunt with the hounds for ever.

By not working with the other opposition parties and insisting on ploughing a lonely furrow to the holy grail of the Prime Minister’s chair, he will have ceded even more ground to the BJP in the not-so-long run.

What is perhaps most egregious and alarming is the haste with which other states and parties are adopting the BJP’s tool-kit: vigilante violence in West Bengal; the imposition of untenable sedition charges against the Rana couple in Maharashtra; the use of Punjab police by Kejriwal to hound Kumar Vishwas and Alka Lamba in Delhi; the use of bulldozers in Alwar in Rajasthan.

These are the precise forms of mis-governance the Opposition is supposed to be fighting against! By emulating them, these states and chief ministers are providing legitimacy to the BJP’s narrative.

Hindutva activists marking the carts of Hindu vendors with saffron flags in 2020.

The administrative ground for the coming ‘Hindu rashtra’ is more-or-less ready. All institutions, including the so-called constitutional ones, have become compliant and willing partners. The syllabi of educational bodies are being redrafted to exclude Faiz, Mughal history, federalism, secularism, social and economic inequalities, and all subjects which should concern any democratic dispensation.

Also read: CBSE Drops Verses from Faiz Ahmad Faiz’s Poems from Class 10 Curriculum

All-India Service rules are being manipulated on a regular basis to suit the purposes of the ruling party at the centre, the latest being the reinduction of Shah Faesal into the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), three years after he resigned, even though the rules do not permit this. He is, perhaps, needed for the next gambit in Kashmir.

All central enforcement agencies are now we-don’t-give-a-damn partisan. It took an Assam Sessions judge to recently warn us that we are becoming a police state (the observation was predictably stayed by the Assam High Court). Even the Army appears to be falling in line, as evidenced by the haste with which an Iftaar tweet by the Army’s public relations officer (PRO) in Jammu was deleted. All these may look like straws in the wind, but it’s the Devil’s Wind we are talking of here.

The judiciary, frankly, is a mixed bag or a pig in a poke at best. It has given us some memorable judgments, like the Delhi high court granting bail to Natasha Narwal and Devangana Kalita, who were charged under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA); or the one on Pegasus; or the order which stayed the banning of MediaOne channel on “security” considerations.

Also read: Seven Things The Supreme Court Has Asked The Pegasus Probe Committee To Look Into

But that UAPA judgment has not been followed up for others similarly accused, including the Elgar Parishad detainees; challenges to fundamental, anti-democratic laws on electoral bonds, the reorganisation of Kashmir, Article 370, sedition, the powers of the Delhi government and the like are still not being heard or decided.

Hundreds of habeas corpus petitions are not being heard. Bulldozers continue to run riot. No accountability is being fixed or reparations being ordered for proven victims of state brutality and injustice. Instead, as a recent Delhi high court order in the Umar Khalid case indicates, the judiciary appears to be more concerned about ring-fencing the Prime Minister from any criticism and frowning on the use of words like “jumla“, “krantikari” and  “inquilab” which are part of our daily lexicon.

Will the courts now decide the vocabulary for free speech? It’s difficult to assess where the judiciary is headed, but the portents are not encouraging, especially when push will come to shove, as it inevitably will.

The country is being readied to usher in the ‘Hindu rashtra’. The BJP will continue to win elections, and even where it doesn’t, it keeps increasing its vote share, as in Bengal. The southern states may baulk at this, but they shall soon be brought in line by the liberal use of Delimitation Commissions, Finance Commissions, a reoriented IAS and IPS, Pegasus Two (whatever happened to the report of the SC appointed committee?), the smart use of the crores in the electoral bonds. The goons on the streets will do the rest of the persuading.

I hope my 16 silent friends realise how close the flames are to their houses, and that silence does not provide any immunity or safe passage. As the poet Sheikh Ibrahim Zauq asks us:

“Ab to ghabra ke yeh kehte hain ki mar jayenge
Mar ke bhi chain nahin paya to kidhar jayenge?”

Avay Shukla is a retired IAS officer.

A version of this article appeared on the author’s blog, View From [Greater] Kailash and has been edited by The Wire for style and clarity.