New Delhi: As many as 149 elephants and 367 people have been officially reported to have died in the seven northeastern states in cases of human-animal conflict in the last five years, the Centre told Parliament today.
Of the state-wise figures given out by Babul Supriyo, the minister of state for environment, forest and climate change, the maximum number of elephant and human life losses were recorded in Assam. While the total number of elephants that died in the state between 2014 and 2019 was 128, the loss of human lives due to reported cases of straying of elephants into human habitats had been stated at 332. While the maximum yearly death of elephants was noted in Assam at 44 during 2017-18, 91 persons died during 2016-17 due to conflict with elephants.
In Manipur and Mizoram though, no deaths of elephants and human beings were recorded during the last five years. The death of only one elephant was noted in Tripura in 2014-15, in Meghalaya, 11 elephants were dead due to straying.
In Nagaland, the deaths of nine elephants were recorded since 2014. While no elephant death was recorded in Arunachal Pradesh since 2014, two people lost their lives in conflict with elephants between 2014 and 2016.
After Assam, the highest number of human deaths reported due to conflict with elephants was in Meghalaya at 26.
The minister – in his written reply to an unstarred question (no. 3312) by BJP MP from Tripura Pratima Bhoumik – said, as per the elephant census recorded in 2017, while Assam has 5,719 elephants, Meghalaya has 1,754, followed by Arunachal with 1614 animals. While Nagaland has 446 elephants as per the 2017 count, 102 were recorded in Tripura, nine in Manipur and seven in Mizoram. In total, the seven northeastern states have an elephant population of 9,651.
The minister said as per the 2017 count, there are 29,964 elephants across the country, adding, “The elephant census figures during the previous enumeration in the year 2012 was in the range of 29,391-30,711.”
He clarified that while the figures “are based on the analysis of data collected by the ‘Direct Count Method’, using 30-50% sampling, in most major elephant states of the country, the figures for Tripura, Nagaland, Andaman and Nicobars Islands and Kerala are based on the ‘Indirect Dung Count Method’.”
This past July 3, responding to another unstarred question (no.1902) by Rajiv Pratap Rudy, minister of railways Piyush Goyal said between northeastern (NF) railway and northeast frontier railway, 24 elephants have died due to collision with moving trains since 2016.
The figures given to Parliament showed the maximum deaths recorded on the NF railway tracks. The countrywide figure of elephants to have lost their lives on railway tracks was 19 in 2016, 15 in 2017, 26 in 2018 and five up to June 20, 2019.