New Delhi: With 96.2% literacy, Kerala has once again emerged as the most literate state in the country, while Andhra Pradesh featured at the bottom with a rate of 66.4%, showed a report based on National Statistical Office (NSO) survey.
The report on ‘Household Social Consumption: Education in India as part of 75th round of National Sample Survey – from July 2017 to June 2018’ provides for state-wise detail of literacy rate among the persons aged seven years and above.
According to the study, after Kerala, Delhi has the best literacy rate at 88.7%, followed by Uttarkhand’s 87.6%, Himachal Pradesh’s 86.6% and Assam’s at 85.9%.
On the other hand, Rajasthan is the second-worst performer with literacy rate at 69.7%, followed by Bihar at 70.9%, Telangana at 72.8%, Uttar Pradesh at 73% and Madhya Pradesh at 73.7%.
The study has pegged the overall literacy rate in the country at about 77.7%. In rural areas, the literacy rate is 73.5% compared to 87.7% in urban areas of the country.
At the all-India level, the male literacy rate is higher at 84.7% compared to 70.3% among women.
The survey showed that the male literacy rate is higher than female literacy rate among all states. In Kerala, the male literacy rate is 97.4% compared to 95.2% among females.
Similarly, the male literacy rate in Delhi stood 93.7% higher than 82.4% among females.
Even in the worst-performing states, there was a considerable gap in male and female literacy rate.
In Andhra Pradesh, the male literacy rate is 73.4%, higher than 59.5% among females (of the age of seven years or above).
In Rajasthan, the gap was even wider as the male literacy rate stood at 80.8% compared to 57.6% of females.
In Bihar, the male literacy rate was also higher at 79.7% compared to 60.5% of females.
A sample of 64,519 rural households from 8,097 villages and 49,238 urban households from 6,188 blocks was surveyed all-over India.
The report also revealed that nearly 4% of rural households and 23% of urban household possessed computer.
Among persons of age 15-29 years, nearly 24% in rural areas and 56% in urban areas were able to operate a computer.
Nearly 35% of persons of age 15-29 years reported use of the internet during the 30 days before the date of the survey. The proportions were nearly 25% in rural areas and 58 per cent in urban areas.