New Delhi: Thirteen United Nations independent experts have called on India to immediately release human rights activists who were arrested for protesting against the Citizenship Amendment Act.
In a statement issued from Geneva, seven UN special rapporteurs and five members of UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention specifically referred to the arrest of 11 activists, from Safoora Zargar to Kafeel Khan and Akhil Gogoi.
“These defenders, many of them students, appear to have been arrested simply because they exercised their right to denounce and protest against the CAA (Citizenship Amendment Act), and their arrest seems clearly designed to send a chilling message to India’s vibrant civil society that criticism of government policies will not be tolerated,” said the statement released through the office of UN high commissioner for human rights.
The experts who jointly issued the statements are Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, Mary Lawlor, Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, David Kaye, Special Rapporteur on the rights to peaceful assembly and of association, Clément Nyaletsossi Voule, Special Rapporteur on minority issues, Fernand de Varennes, Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Racism, E. Tendayi Achiume, Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief, Ahmed Shaheed, Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, Fionnuala D. Ní Aoláin, and Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, Nils Melzer.
Besides, five members of the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, Leigh Toomey (Chair), Elina Steinerte (Vice-Chair), José Guevara Bermúdez, Seong-Phil Hong and Sètondji Adjovi, were also associated with the statement.
Special rapporteurs (SRs) are independent experts appointed by the member states of the UN Human Rights Council with specific thematic mandates.
The UN experts, who stated that they were in touch with the Indian government, observed that that many of the 11 individual cases include “human rights violations, several relating to due process failings during arrest and detention, as well as allegations of torture and ill-treatment”.
“Authorities should immediately release all human rights defenders who are currently being held in pre-trial detention without sufficient evidence, often simply on the basis of speeches they made criticising the discriminatory nature of the CAA,” they said.
The individuals named in the statement are Meeran Haider, Gulfisha Fatima, Safoora Zargar, Asif Iqbal Tanha, Devangana Kalita, Natasha Narwal, Khalid Saifi, Shifa Ur Rehman, Kafeel Khan, Sharjeel Imam and Akhil Gogoi.
The statement notes that one of the “most alarming cases” was that of Safoora Zargar, who had been detained for over two months, before finally getting bail this week, on humanitarian grounds in her sixth month of pregnancy. The experts stated that the Zargar “had kept in conditions equating to solitary confinement, denied regular contact with her family and legal representative, and having not been provided adequate medical care or diet.”
The experts also noted that the investigation by the authorities into the protests seemed discriminatory. “It appears they have not similarly investigated allegations of incitement to hatred and violence made by CAA supporters, some of whom are reported to have chanted “shoot the traitors” at counter-rallies”.
There was also concern about laws related to counter-terrorism and national security being invoked against the arrested activists, as well as them routinely being denied bail.
“Although demonstrations ended in March due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and India’s Supreme Court issued a recent order to decongest jails because of health concerns related to the pandemic, protest leaders continue to be detained. The reported spread of the virus in Indian prisons makes their immediate release all the more urgent,” the experts said.