Without expecting overnight transformation, over 500 eminent signatories from both countries are hoping to create a ripple effect that changes how citizens and governments view each other.
Over the last decades, simply accusing someone of ‘blasphemy’ has proved enough to trigger a vigilante death sentence. Obviously, Pakistan has not got to this situation overnight.
Sehwan Sharif and other shrines in Pakistan are being targeted for terrorist attacks because militant Islam feels threatened by the popular adherence to Sufi Islam and values.
For attacks like the one on Wednesday to stop, the Pakistani state – the elected government and the security agencies – must adopt a multi-pronged, zero tolerance policy towards takfirism, hate-speech and militants.