Temer was accused of taking bribes and condoning the payment of hush money to a jailed politician in plea bargain testimony by Joesley Batista.
Small parties facing extinction opposed the vote threshold, which they said would favour larger established parties and hinder renewal of Brazil’s scandal-plagued political class.
Lula is still Brazil’s most popular politician, despite a corruption conviction that could bar him from running in the 2018 presidential election.
But the support was less than expected, raising questions about the future of his economic reform agenda and how he will fare in future Congressional votes.
Michel Temer’s opponents need two-thirds of the votes – 342 out of 513 – to approve a charge that he took bribes and send the case to the Supreme Court.
The case alleges that proceeds from corruption and political kickbacks were used to fund President Temer’s 2014 election campaign.
President Michel Temer, fighting against corruption allegations against him and his government, is planning new measures to jump start Brazil’s economy.
Police used tear gas and pepper spray to disperse a crowd they estimated at 10,000 demonstrators, which converged on the central esplanade of Brasilia.
The victory of Joao Doria, a millionaire businessman, in Sao Paulo will bolster a likely bid in 2018 by the PSDB governor of the state, Geraldo Alckmin.
Rousseff has denied any wrongdoing and compared the impeachment trial to her persecution during Brazil’s 1964-1985 military dictatorship.
With the odds stacked against her, Rousseff’s testimony appears to be aimed at making a point for the history books that her impeachment was a travesty rather than a bid to sway the 81-seat senate to block her eviction from office.
Thursday’s session, presided over by the SC Chief Justice, heard witnesses for and against Rousseff who is charged with breaking budget laws.
The outcome of the vote is a foregone conclusion because opponents of Rousseff only need a simple majority in the 81-seat Senate to put her on trial.
The federal police arrested ten suspects on July 21 for plotting a terror attack during Rio Olympics.
A Rousseff comeback would likely sink Brazilian financial markets, after they rallied strongly at the start of this year on the prospects of her ouster. It could also leave Latin America’s largest country in a prolonged state of political deadlock.
The Games were meant to showcase the rise of Brazil as a major world player, but they will take place in the midst of the country’s worst economic recession since the 1930s and a political crisis fuelled by a sprawling corruption scandal.