Who is Gulbuddin Hekmatyar? Why and how is he back? Does the recent spike in attacks in Kabul have anything to do with his return?
Anand Arni and Pranay Kotasthane
Since ISIS presence in Afghanistan is still a secondary threat, Afghanistan should degrade Taliban’s terror structure before shifting the focus of the war.
With the entry of ISIS into the Afghanistan equation, Indian interests have diverged from those of Russia and Iran, who have said that ISIS is a much more dangerous threat than the Taliban.
Even though India and the US have, for once, landed on the same side in Afghanistan, there is a real danger of getting blindsided by Pakistan.
Outlining the next steps that can help India and the US evolve a mechanism to strengthen peacebuilding in Afghanistan.
If New Delhi chooses not to act as a bridge between Washington and Kabul, it will have to shoulder more responsibilities in Afghanistan on its own, for which it is unprepared.
As Modi heads to Herat, the worsening situation on the ground for the Afghan security forces provides an opportunity for India to retool its policy towards that country.
The biggest threats to peace in Afghanistan still continue to emanate from the Pakistani deep state, and not from dysfunctional Arab states.
A negotiated settlement is possible, but only if we identify the stakes of all the geopolitical actors involved and try to meet their desired outcomes in one combination or the other