Every large urban undertaking lays bare the efficiency of the systems, the capacity to self-organise and the nature of leadership that drives them. In the making of Amaravati, none of it appears reassuring.
Noboru Karashima’s pioneering work helped rewrite the historical account of southern India.
He produced unique architectural expressions by responding to living patterns, energy issues, and the nature of changes in society.
The signature scheme is marred by ill-conceived projects and confusing directions. Urban bodies across India would do well to stay away from the Smart City initiative for now.