Turkish Military Officer Seeks Asylum in United States

Turkey's Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan, flanked by Chief of Staff General Necdet Ozel (L) and Defence Minister Ismet Yilmaz (R), leaves after a wreath-laying ceremony with members of the High Military Council at Anitkabir, the mausoleum of modern Turkey's founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, ahead of a High Military Council meeting in Ankara

Turkey’s Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, flanked by Chief of Staff General Necdet Ozel (L) and Defence Minister Ismet Yilmaz (R), leaves after a wreath-laying ceremony with members of the High Military Council at Anitkabir, the mausoleum of modern Turkey’s founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, ahead of a High Military Council meeting in Ankara August 4, 2014. Credit: Reuters/Stringer

Washington: A Turkish military officer on a US-based assignment for NATO is seeking asylum in the US after being recalled by the Turkish government in the wake of last month’s failed military coup, US officials told Reuters.

The asylum bid is the first known case involving a Turkish military officer in the US, as Turkey purges military ranks after mutinous soldiers commandeered fighter jets, helicopters and tanks in an unsuccessful attempt to oust President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

The case has the potential to further strain ties between the US and Turkey, which is already demanding that Washington hand over a US-based Turkish cleric it alleges was responsible for the failed coup.

The two US officials, who spoke to Reuters on condition of anonymity, said the Turkish officer was working at the headquarters of NATO’s Allied Command Transformation, located in Norfolk, Virginia. They did not name him or offer his rank.

However, an official at Turkey’s embassy in Washington said Turkish navy’s Rear Admiral Mustafa Ugurlu had failed to report to authorities after Turkey issued a detention order for him last month.

“On July 22, on that day he left his badges and his ID at the base and after that no one has heard anything from him,” the official said, also speaking on condition of anonymity.

The Turkish official said he was unaware of a subsequent asylum request. An April news article on the NATO website identified Ugurlu as the Norfolk-based command’s assistant chief of staff for command and control, deployability and sustainability.

The Turkish official said two other lower-level officers had also been called back from the US to Turkey.

“But there’s no detention order for them,” the official said. “One of them has gone back, and the other will go back shortly.”

Military purges

The purges within Turkey’s military, which has NATO’s second largest armed forces and aspires to membership in the EU, has resulted in thousands of soldiers being discharged, including around 40% of generals.

There are concerns within the Turkish opposition that the restructuring lacks parliamentary oversight and is going too far.

Pentagon spokesman Jeff Davis declined comment, referring questions about Turkish military personnel to Turkey.

The Norfolk mission where the Turkish officer was assigned is the only NATO command in North America, according to its website. It directs Allied Command Transformation’s subordinate commands, including the Joint Warfare Center in Norway and the Joint Force Training Center in Poland.

A spokeswoman at the Norfolk-based mission said 26 Turkish military personnel were assigned there and she praised Turkey’s contribution, including hosting US and allies at its Incirlik Air Base, an important staging area for the US-led fight against ISIS militants in Syria.

“We want to state that Turkey is a valued NATO ally that continues to make important contributions to the fight against ISIS,” US navy Lieutenant Commander Karen Eifert said, declining comment on questions about an asylum request.

A NATO official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said Turkey’s internal reorganisation of its military has not had a practical impact on NATO-led commands.

“Turkey has notified NATO about the changeover of a number of Turkish military personnel. There has been no impact on the implementation of NATO-led operations and missions or on the work of NATO commands,” the official said, declining comment on any asylum request.

“I would refer you to the Turkish authorities for any further details on their staffing.”

US citizenship and immigration services said it could not discuss individual cases, including whether an individual has requested a specific immigration benefit like asylum.

The state department declined comment.

Anti-US sentiment rising

The case comes as Turkey presses Washington to hand over US-based cleric Fethullah Gulen.

Gulen, an ally of Erdogan in the early years after his Islamist-rooted AK Party took power in 2002, has denied any involvement in the coup, which came at a critical time for a NATO state facing Islamist militant attacks from across the border in Syria and an insurgency by Kurdish rebels.

Justice minister Bekir Bozdag said anti-American feeling among Turks was on the rise and ‘turning into hatred’ and could only be calmed by the US extraditing Gulen.

Still, the US and Turkish militaries have long had extensive ties, extending beyond the NATO alliance.

One US defence official, speaking on condition of anonymity, estimated there were around 160 Turkish military personnel on assignment in the US, including those at NATO in Norfolk and others at exchanges at prestigious US military institutions.

Navy Lieutenant Commander Patrick Evans said 123 Turkish military personnel were participating in the US international military education and training program in the continental US as of August 9.

Asked how many of those participants had been recalled to Turkey, Evans said: “We are aware of one student currently at the Army War College who received a recall notice to return to Turkey.”

The status of the student at the war college, located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, was not immediately clear. Evans did not comment on any individual cases.