Communalism

BJP Won’t Capture Kerala Yet But RSS Culture Is Sweeping the State

bjp kerala posterA Bharatiya  Janata Party poster for the just concluded Kerala assembly elections reveals a lot about its strategy in a state which has consistently rejected the lotus. It provides the best clue yet as to why the party which is unlikely to make much political headway in the near future is finding comfort in the spread of Hindutva across the state.

The poster features the triad of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, party boss Amit Shah and state BJP president Kummanam Rajasekharan with the strategic slogan ‘Vazhimuttiya Keralam, Vazhi kaattan BJP’. This translates to “Kerala has lost it way; BJP will show it the path.”

Of the three, Modi appears to be the least clued in on how to win over this recalcitrant state which has so far rejected the blandishments of his ‘development plank’ that catapulted him into 7 Race Course Road two years ago. He has regularly wooed Kerala since early 2014, well before he became the prime minister, and he has made frequent visits to the state. Yet, he has shown a poor understanding of the Malayali psyche. Some political analysts believe he has botched the BJP’s prospects with his Somalia remark.

But the canny Shah and his acolyte Rajasekharan are better tuned into Kerala. The appointment of Rajasekharan, an RSS pracharak, as party boss in the state marks a turning point in the BJP strategy. Rajasekharan is hardcore Hindutva, and his anointment in December 2015 is both reward for his services in diffusing the saffron ideology and recognition of his ability to push the party agenda further. Over the past decades, Rajasekharan has been the battering ram of the Hindu Aikya Vedi or Hindu Unity Organisation, the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP), Kshetra Samrakshana Samiti (KSS or Temple Protection Committee), Balasadanams (for very young children) and Ekal Vidyalayas. His has been an all-encompassing role, efficiently executed and with little fanfare.

It is well known that he and Shah enjoy a rare rapport and see eye-to eye on what needs to be done in Kerala. An excellent communicator and networker, Rajasekharan has brought on board well-known figures like G. Madhavan Nair, former chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation, T.K.A. Nair, principal secretary to former prime minister Manmohan Singh, on the Hindutva bandwagon and deployed them effectively to influence people and win friends.

A BJP election rally in Kerala. Credit: BJP Keralam Facebook page

A BJP election rally in Kerala. Credit: BJP Keralam Facebook page

His elevation to the party presidency came within weeks of the BJP’s best yet poll performance in Kerala. In the November 2015 local body elections, the BJP wrested Palakkad municipality from the UDF and also emerged as the second largest party in the Thiruvanthapuram corporation after the LDF. If there are turning points, this certainly was one:  the saffron party’s vote share rose from 10.5% in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections to 14% in the local elections. It was also a signal that the RSS had acquired the critical mass necessary to openly pursue its agenda. The toughest challenge for the RSS-BJP has been the religious demographic profile of the state with Hindus accounting for close to 55% of the populations and the Muslims (26.56%) and Christians forming the rest. It has taken the saffron lobby a long, long while to work around these figures.

But change it has wrought and in ways that the Sangh is familiar with. The most obvious sign of the Hindu resurgence has been the use of the KSS and VHP to “build a temple-based organised society” and a “temple-based way of life”.  Dozens of kavu, or ancient shrines, where theyyam (living god) performances have been held for centuries have fallen prey to this drive. Theyyam is the oldest surviving mystic ritual of North Malabar and it has withstood modernity and Marx for decades. In God’s Own Country, demons and divinities, animism and ancestor worship, have their inviolate spaces and more than half a century of intermittent rule by the CPM-led Left Democratic Front (LDF) has made little difference to the ways in which the Malayali has kept religion in one box and politics in another.

This is the paradox of Kerala. To believe that the LDF has ushered in a socialist revolution in this state is as naive as thinking that the BJP’s inability to win a single seat in the assembly and parliamentary elections so far is proof that the saffron ideology has failed to penetrate Kerala. By embedding itself in the local community over the decades, the RSS has prepared the ground for taking the state back to a time when religiosity was paramount. It is an alarming regression with rituals and obscurantist views threatening to overwrite the history of its social reforms.

The kavu, which subscribes to animism and ancestor worship, is as integral to North Malabar as the hammer and sickle and the legendary Marxist leader A.K. Gopalan are. And theyyam is the preserve of a host of lower castes. Now, the pre-Vedic kavu are being converted into mainstream Hindu temples and the traditional culture of Kerala, specially that of its Adivasi population and of the lower castes, is being airbrushed from the landscape as the VHP and RSS push their Sanskritisation drive. But there is little protest from the local communities who have been persuaded that the new structures and regular paid puja conducted by Brahmin priests are indicative of upward mobility.

Small family temples and old temples in need of maintenance have also been taken over by the KSS as matters of private faith have been turned into public symbols of majority assertiveness. Everything connected to religion is now loud, public and well-funded. As the recent Puttingal temple tragedy illustrated, religion has become competitive and frighteningly divorced from the traditions of the land. Godpersons are the presiding deities of the new ‘Hinduness’ of Kerala, such as the homegrown Mata Amritanandmayi and Sri Sri Ravi Shankar. Alien festivals such as Ganesh Chaturthi have also made their way into Kerala as the RSS tries to homogenise the Hindus.

The core message of the RSS that Hindus have been neglected and discriminated against by the bipolar politics of the state while the Christians and the Muslims have been pampered by their leaders has succeeded beyond belief. Such a view is easily juxtaposed against the growing conservatism of the Muslims, in particular, since the burqa and religious beards are now a common sight in some parts of the state. Competing religion fundamentalism is feeding cultivated insecurities as rival communal parties jostle for power. A six-week trip through Kannur, the hallowed janmabhoomi of the Communist movement, Palakkad, Thrissur and Ernakulam districts in March-April, made it clear that the secular balance is becoming increasingly fragile as the RSS’s cherished goal of a ‘Hindu Kerala’ turns out to be not such an impossibility.

The rise of the consumerist Malayali and a thriving middle class – it is the only state where the huge billboards are completely monopolised by the gold jewelry trade – has made the incursions of the Hindu Right far easier. As the historian K.N. Panikkar explains in a recent article in The Hindu, “Kerala has witnessed a sudden burgeoning of the lower middle class during the last two decades, whose craving for modernity has created a cultural crisis, a solution for which they sought in superstitious practices and irrational rituals. Their logical destination is the BJP.”

No longer concerned about the need to keep it clandestine, the RSS outfits now openly promote communal polarisation. Anything is provocation and an excuse for muscle-flexing by Hindutva forces. A couple of years ago, the Hindu Aikya Vedi and other outfits like the VHP took out a massive and successful rally against the government’s decision to allow a Muslim religious conference to be held on the Aluva-Periyar river bank because it was adjacent to a Siva temple. The fallout is a growing intolerance which is becoming increasingly ugly as small and hitherto unknown entities such as the Hanuman Sena throw their weight around and strike at the heart of the state’s cultural ethos.

Acts of intolerance

An appalling example of the religious bigotry was the Hindutva campaign against well-known writer and critic M.M. Basheer, who was forced to abandon his columns on the Ramayana in the Malayalam newspaper Mathrubhumi in August last year. There was a virulent campaign against the writer and the newspaper by abusive callers asking why a Muslim should write on the Hindu god Rama. This is said to be the first time a writer has been attacked on the basis of his religious identity and bodes ill for the state. Incidentally, the month of Karkidakam in the Malayalam calendar (mid-July to mid-August) is celebrated by Malayalis as Ramayana month but in recent years what was a private tradition has been turned into yet another public spectacle of religiosity with entire villages being turned in to Ramayana centres by the RSS network.

There have been other instances of intolerance that are undermining the liberal democratic conventions that Keralites take for granted.  In March this year, the saffron brigade attacked popular TV anchor Sindhu Sooryakumar after she moderated a discussion on the why some people celebrate Mahishasur Jayanti and if this should be deemed an objectionable act. This followed the emotional speech by HRD minister Smriti Irani in parliament where she claimed students of Delhi’s Jawaharlal Nehru University had observed Mahishasur martyrdom day and purportedly depicted Goddess Durga as a ‘sex worker’. Mahishasur is the demon killed by Durga.

Sooryakumar of Asianet News TV received over 2,000 abusive calls and threats to her life for allegedly demeaning Durga during the show. The popular anchor had done no such thing but it was typical of the smear-and-tarnish campaign the Sangh outfits are notorious for. Neither the RSS nor the BJP leaders condemned the outrage even after five men connected to the BJP, RSS and other Hindu groups were found to be involved.

Increasingly, their politics of hatred is finding resonance in a state that has so far been impervious to such poison.

In a society which prizes it liberal values and open debates, such instances are becoming frequent as an emboldened Sangh pushes the envelope. In Kozhikode, the ABVP, the student wing of the RSS, is trying to stir up matters. One of its recent sorties was the burning of the college magazine of Zamorin’s Guruvayoorappan College in Kozhikode. It alleged that the magazine contained anti-Hindu remarks. There have been other crass acts such as the burning down of a library near Tirur in Malappuram district and the destruction of a huge collection of books. Arrested again were BJP supporters.

Kerala, admittedly, is no secular haven when it comes to politics. All parties have used religion and caste to promote their interests but none of them has resorted to the kind of polarisation that is now being witnessed. As indicators of the new path the BJP is offering Kerala, these are, indeed, ominous signs of what lies ahead.

  • Rahul

    With all due respect to the author.There is no pre-Vedic kavu.Every thing was vedic and everyone in kerala is Aryans not dravidan’s. The comunists has
    always supported the “Aryan Invasion therory” or rather “Aryan Immigration Theory” since 1995(since no archological evidence was found).
    But it’s linguistically proven wrong – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uyeJ5aUaw0o

    • The Enlightened One

      Who told you there wrong things.. check about ancestral north Indian and ancestral south Indian……it’s the latest as per the DNA and genome based study ..it clearly supports Aryan migration theory..don’t do it the shit heard from Shaka classes

      • darth_vader

        The same research about asi and ani tells, south indians have same ANI as noth indians and vice versa. The asi and ani vary between 49 and 51% and the variance is just 2% in the entire country. And none of these levels are found in any central asian or european people. This research clearly states that all indians are from here itself and indians have onky nigrated outside but nit come in from outside. You seem to deliberately spreading blatant lies, when you quote a research, which actually disproves your claims. Infact in none of harrappan excavations, have any war materials been found. Once you make your claims, you have to back it up with evidence. But evidence in this case debunks each of your claims. Rigveda which talks about flourishing sarsawati river in no less than 60 instances, and you absurdly ckaim that rigveda was written aryans after coming in at 1500 bc. When scientific evidnces clearly state that saraswati had dried up no later than 1950bc. It clearky indicates rigveda to be much older than what you previously said. Even lefties accept that, but dont want to change it in the textbooks. Why? Politics. It suits them. Recent excavations at kurukshetra dated at 7500bc. With more and more scientific evidences coming out its pretty clear that it only a myth that has been propogated intially by the westerners and continued by the lefties for political convinience.

    • Sreejith

      Would request that you read up a bit more about Kerala history. Original inhabitants of Kerala were people from the Munda race (tribals/ adivasis) and Dravidians (Mediterranean origins). It is a fact that Buddhism and Jainism did flourish in Kerala between 300BC-800AD. Hinduism revived around the start of 9th century led by Shankaracharya and many sections of the society converted to Hinduism. While there are multiple theories about the origins of Nairs, one of the most recent ones I have read is that they were originally from Scythia and migrated from there and reached Kerala in the first millennium of Common Era. They became prominent in the society between 600-800AD. Kaavu and worship of snakes is supposed to have come with them though another theory puts it as an extant of Dravidian beliefs.

      Either way Kavus are not related to Vedic Hinduism (though it did get assimilated later) and neither are all the Keralites of Aryan origin. Please take off your blinkers!

    • Suresh

      In Kerala everyone was called Naga who worshipped only snakes. There was not much of Aryans in Kerala before the 8th century. The Nair class was formed due to the intermingling of the Aryan Brahmins and the Dravidian Nagas. Nagas are the present day Ezhavas who were Buddhists and Jains before they converted to Hinduism during the Kulasekhara dynasty era.

  • Yethin

    An entire article with just one side of the arguement and a few generic sentenses at the end to wash away the sins of bigoted reporting.

  • Gandhi

    onnu poda oola sanghi.

  • The Enlightened One

    He is spiting what he learnt in RSS Shaka class…ani and asi theory based on human DNA and genome study is thr latest agreed up on ..and it supports Aryan migration theory

    • Suresh

      True, Aryan Genome is R1a1a haplogroup. Dravidian Genome is M haplogroup. There is wide variation of these in North Indians and South Indians. South Indians have more M and North Indians have more R1a1a.

    • darth_vader

      THe whole of india have the similar asi and ani genes. The variance is 2%. The siuth indians had as much ani as the north indians and viceversa. and there is nothing of this found in any middle asian or european people of this ani and asi. Infact thatvery research tells that there have been no invasions into india precisely due ti this reason and only outward migration have taken place from India during the ancient period. There is a limit to the lies that you can spread. The very same reasearch debunks your theory. It is very convenient for the leftists to try and make some claim out of the bkue, but first you should answer, when your earlier claims have been debunked, why dint you take responsibility. There has been no war material found in any of Harappan excavations. The rig veda talks avoit avfkourishing saraswathi river in as many as 60 instances. And the saraswati dried up in 1950 bc accoring to scientific explorations. And you absurdly claim aryans came to india in 1500 bc and write rigveda later? How absurd. Its pretty flear barbarians couldnt have written such an erudite piece of work. Your claims have no evidence at all, and all your claims are just claims and blatant lies. When you make a claim, you should back it up with evidence. Oh but you dont have that habit right! Just make claims and supress other voices.

  • Skanda M

    This article misrepresents so many aspects of Hindu culture in Kerala just so it can tarnish the RSS-BJP. It conveniently skips the fact that the communal groundwork in Kerala was laid by Kerala Christian Congress and Muslim League. Politically, the burden of progressiveness and secularism has been borne by the Left leaning Hindus. Sample the Hindu support for the Left. Left progressiveness in Kerala — its high HDI is owed entirely to the social and religious far sightedness of Hindus who have supported the Left en masse. Christians and Muslims in Kerala always threw their weight behind conservative, communal politics. And now, with Left also playing minority politics, Hindus in Kerala are being existentially threatened out of every arena, be it education, business. The RSS is proving that every so-called communal charge it brings to the door of minority communalism holds true in Kerala. It takes two hands to clap so loudly for communalism. And the author should stay away from displaying her ignorance of how Kavus function in Kerala. That was gross misrepresentation and outright lies suited to frame her anti-right subjective reporting. Get some spine writer and report objectively, not to gain brownie points from so-called Left leaning intellectuals, for whom anything that’s not Left is communal and authoritarian. And let’s also not skip the fact that the Left is coming to the realisation late — and is scrambling to insert themselves into Hindu temple culture. Too late sakhave!

  • al p

    The author lost credibility attempting to paint an image of hostility for Hindus being disturbed at a Muslim being paid to write on the Ramayana. Perhaps if Kerala had no Rama bhakts left to write on Ramayana, but obviously this is not the case. Same author would never support a heterosexual writer on topics homosexual. But as we know alleged liberals are a sanctimonious bunch to say the least.

  • Skanda M

    No scholar of credibility has accepted AIT theory hook line sinker. Kerala is Aryan, it is also Dravidian. Truth is always somewhere in the middle.

  • sanch

    At the end of 40 years , the country will be center left compared to center right . It is inevitability .

  • lenin

    If Muslim have Political Party called “Muslim league”,Christians have political party called “Kerala Congress”,then why not Majority Hindu’s not have right for own political party based on religion.Dismantle religious based political party’s first to talk about Hindu Extremism.Otherwise it will grow day by day stable and stronger.Because of political party’s based for minority’s are orienting their rights and developments not the Majority Hindu’s which may omen the alienation of Hindu’s unity grow and grow

  • Balgit

    RSS culture is sweeping the state??You mean the declared RSS culture of Indian nationalism….Or the undeclared RSS culture of Hindu religious fundamentalism, creating religious tension, upholding caste system, propagating Godman….Btw just watched news, CPM got 90/140 and BJP got just one. How much of sweep is that

  • darth_vader

    It Seems you are of the belief that only marxists are scholars of any standing! Lol. world over marxists are known for their cruelty, supression of others, distortion and genocides. Except such propagandists, every real scholar tells, aryan theory is a myth. In fact, the burden of proof falls on the people who make this aryan claim. They have failed to provide any scientific, archeological or textual evidence in any way. In fact every genetic research has said that all indians come from the same racial family and they don’t belong to different races(with the exception of some north eastern states). There is nothing in the literature, nor any archralogical evidence of any war. In fact its pretty clear now that the history was done liberately twisted and myths and claims propogated without any evidence. Of course it is convenient for the christians and tge myslims to propogate the myth as it suits them. But truth is not the same as propoganda.

  • Thrive thrive

    I totally agree with Skanda M. This article is trying to attribute the strong hold that religion has over Kerala to the RSS? If so, to what would the author like to attribute the regressive practices followed by the Syrian, Jacobite communities? And what about the regresssive practices of the Muslims..

    I am saying the premise of this article that somehow, hindu religious practices should vanish because of the red parties and that the fact they havent is terrible and the reason is the RSS is terribly flawed.

    Really, Kerala is one of the most culturally rich states and the people love their culture..cutting across religions. To try and place a feeling of negativity on forms like Theyyam is nothing short of a crime….

  • darth_vader

    In fact once the truth becomes clear, people will start voting bjp enmasse