London: Annual deaths from measles dropped below 100,000 worldwide last year for the first time, to 90,000, the World Health Organisation (WHO) and other international agencies said on Thursday.
Reporting an 84% drop in 16 years in 2016, from more than 550,000 in 2000, the Measles and Rubella Initiative (M&RI) said more children getting vaccinations was the main reason for the decline.
The report warned, though, that the world is still far from eliminating measles. Coverage with the first of two required doses of measles vaccine has stalled around 85% since 2009, it said, short of the 95% needed. Coverage with the second dose was only 64% in 2016.
“We must strive to reach zero measles cases,” said Jean-Marie Okwo-Bele, the director of the WHO’s immunisation department. “Measles elimination will only be reached if measles vaccines reach every child, everywhere.”
M&RI is a partnership of the American Red Cross, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the United Nations Foundation, the UNICEF children’s fund, and the WHO. Its report said that since 2000, an estimated 5.5 billion doses of measles vaccine have been provided to children in routine immunisation services and mass vaccination campaigns.
It added, however, that some 20.8 million children are still missing their first measles vaccine dose.
More than half of these unvaccinated children live in six countries: Nigeria, India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Ethiopia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
It said large outbreaks of measles continue to occur in those countries as well as others in Europe and North America, putting children at risk of severe health complications such as pneumonia, diarrhoea, encephalitis, blindness, and death.
Seth Berkley, chief executive of the GAVI global vaccine alliance, welcomed the decline in measles deaths.
But he added: “We cannot afford to be complacent. Too many children are still missing out on life saving vaccines. To reach these children and set ourselves on a realistic road to measles elimination we need to dramatically improve routine immunization backed by strong health systems.”