In Kashmir, Rajnath Singh Offers Dialogue and Assurances on Article 35A

While making an open call for dialogue, the home minister refused to be specific on whether Hurriyat leaders will be invited for talks.

Union home minister Rajnath Singh at a press conference in Srinagar on Monday. Credit: PTI/S. Irfan

Union home minister Rajnath Singh at a press conference in Srinagar on Monday. Credit: PTI/S. Irfan

Srinagar: After the 2016 uprising in the Valley, Union home minister Rajnath Singh mentioned on several occasions the Centre’s plan for a “permanent solution” to the Kashmir problem. In May this year, Singh curiously remarked that the “initiative has begun” and the Centre is “moving forward”, but didn’t elaborate. His statement generated surprise and curiosity, particularly in Jammu and Kashmir.

On September 11, during a press conference in the summer capital Srinagar at the end of his three-day visit to the Valley, Singh finally opened up about the plans.

“Many assumptions were made when we spoke of a permanent solution. Our permanent solution is based on five Cs – compassion, communication, co-existence, confidence-building and consistency,” the home minister revealed.

There was no mention of either the Hurriyat or Pakistan in this new plan that Singh spelled out, less than a month after Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in his Independence Day speech that problems in Kashmir can’t be resolved through “gali” (abuse) or “goli” (bullet), but only by embracing Kashmiris.

Today, Singh said, he was in the Valley to mark the beginnings of what the prime minister had promised from the ramparts of the Red Fort.

“Understand the prime minister’s and our intentions,” said the home minister.

Offering dialogue, but no mention of Hurriyat

At the start of his press conference at Hari Niwas on the foothills of the Zabarwan hills, the home minister reiterated that the Centre was willing to talk to all stakeholders in the state to restore peace.

But when asked repeatedly whether the Centre would formally invite Hurriyat leaders for talks, Singh didn’t give a specific response. “What is a formal or informal invitation? I have already said it and how many times have I to repeat it? The government does not want to leave out any stakeholders with whom dialogue should be held. Let somebody come forward and say that I want to talk. I have come with an open mind. I am willing to talk to anyone and I am inviting everyone who is willing to help us in resolving problems of Kashmir,” Singh responded, without naming Hurriyat leaders.

As expected, there was no response from the powerful trio of Hurriyat leaders – Syed Ali Shah Geelani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and Muhammad Yasin Malik – who spearheaded last year’s summer uprising to the general offer of dialogue.

During his stay in Kashmir, Singh held a security-level meeting in Srinagar and visited Pulwama district in South Kashmir, which was the epicentre of last year’s protests, to interact with Jammu and Kashmir policemen and those from the central forces. In Srinagar, Singh met at least 55 delegations including leaders of various political parties and members from trade and tourism bodies and civil society forums.

From his interactions with the delegations, the home minister said he could gauge that the situation in Kashmir has improved. “I won’t claim that everything is fine but things have improved compared to last year,” the minister said, adding he can see that “trees of peace” haven’t dried up and he can see the “green shoots of peace” in Kashmir.

Security forces have launched a massive anti-militancy operation in Kashmir in the past 3-4 months, killing more than 60 local militants including five of the 11 top commanders, both from Hizbul Mujahideen and Lashkar-e-Tayyaba.

On the other hand, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) has launched a crackdown against the separatists, arresting at least seven Hurriyat leaders for their alleged role in funding militants and protests in Kashmir.

On the day the home minister landed in Kashmir, Geelani, Mirwaiz and Malik were either put under house arrest or detained following their plan to court arrest before the NIA in New Delhi for the harassment of Hurriyat leaders.

Union home minister Rajnath Singh arrives to address a press conference in Srinagar on Monday. Credit: PTI/S. Irfan

Union home minister Rajnath Singh arrives to address a press conference in Srinagar on Monday. Credit: PTI/S. Irfan

Centre’s stand on Article 35A

If the home minister’s call for dialogue was vague, he took an explicit stand on Article 35A, which is facing a legal challenge in the Supreme Court. Article 35A empowers the state legislature to define the permanent residents of Jammu and Kashmir. The article, which was added to the constitution by a presidential order in 1954, accords special rights and privileges to the citizens of Jammu and Kashmir.

“The central government has nowhere initiated anything with regard to this issue (of Article 35A). We have not gone to court. I want to say it clearly – I am not talking only about Article 35A, whatever our government does we will not do anything against the sentiments and emotions of people here. We will respect them,” Singh said.

He said since there was no real issue left, a “non-issue” like the revocation of Article 35A was being made into a big deal. “This is very unfortunate,” Singh stressed.

However, Singh didn’t clarify whether the Centre is planning file a counter affidavit in the apex court to support the state government, which has demanded that the PIL seeking the abrogation Article 35A be dismissed.

Singh’s statement, the first assurance from any top central minister on Article 35A, came as a breather for the ruling People’s Democratic Party, which is facing criticism for its ally’s, the BJP’s, demand for weakening Article 35A as well Jammu and Kashmir’s special position.

Even former chief minister and National Conference working president Omar Abdullah reacted to the statement on Twitter, terming the assurance on Article 35A as “a very important statement”.

Reaching out to Kashmir?

Since 2016, when the killing of militant commander Burhan Wani triggered large-scale protests in Kashmir, Singh has visited the Valley at least five times. To bring peace to the Valley, he asserted that he wouldn’t hesitate to visit again and again. If the need arises, the minister said he would visit Kashmir 50 times and ensure whatever efforts needed for bringing peace are undertaken; he will not turn back, he said.

“This is my firm conviction,” said Singh, adding he has instructed security forces operating in the Valley to exercise restraint when it comes to the excessive use of force.

He also issued directions to the state government and the Jammu and Kashmir police, saying that “misguided” children shouldn’t be treated as criminals but instead dealt with according to the juvenile system.

While it is too early to rush to conclusions about the assurances made by the home minister, the first test of the government of India will come when the apex court hears the pleas challenging Article 35A after Diwali, as the article has become a rallying point in restive Kashmir.

It remains to be seen whether attorney general K.K. Venugopal, who had told the court earlier that the government wants a larger debate on the law, will follow in the home minister’s footsteps.

Mudasir Ahmad is a Srinagar-based reporter. 

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  • Deshaabhimaani Damodardas Subo

    Kashmir is too serious and too important an issue and speaking in euphemism and allegory does not befit any decisive leader in attempting to solve such an issue!

    True, shri Rajnath sing has limited powers but when coming to negotiations he must arm himself with minimum but clear ammunition, if not a large leeway!

    For all men of honour their word is of great importance. It is more important for a great nation like India.

    When “… Shriman Inder Mahinder Rajrajeswar Maharajadhiraj Shri Hari Singhji, Jammu & Kashmir Naresh Tatha Tibbet adi Deshadhipati, Ruler of Jammu & Kashmir State, in the exercise of my Sovereignty in and over my said State do hereby execute this my Instrument of Accession…” signed the instrument and joined the union of India he laid down certain terms and India under a rented Governor General agreed and signed it!

    There is no choice for India but to respect all the terms of that instrument honourably and sincerely!

    What successive governments of India tried were multiple attempts and dishonourable acts of backing out of certain terms of the instrument, and forcible thrusting and humiliation of the great Kashmir people.

    Just as india is great and Indians are great, so is Kashmir great and Kashmir people are great.

    They were fighting the cruel and despotic maharaja just as we Indians were fighting the cruel, despicable, despotic British!

    They were not in favour of the action of maharaja.

    In such a situation, the least India can and must do as a great nation that upholds rule of law under the constitution is, to respect every term of the instrument of accession.

    It is necessary for us to read the complete text of that instrument and see if we do abide by what we have signed as men of honour, as a nation of honour!

    I think it is not proper to reproduce the full text here. So please google and read the full text.

    From a reading it will be clear that the government of India has not kept it’s honour. By exercising many a coercive means, it forcibly diluted some terms.

    As a nation of honour the first thing we must do is restore status quo ante and keep all terms in force and respected.

    We were speaking of so much status quo about doklam crisis recently. Don’t we hold up and affirm our honour by respecting the instrument of accession in letter and spirit as it was signed? Are we scared! Are we cowards!

    I don’t think so!

    It is cowards who changed the agreed terms by hook or crook. And it is cowards from india who brought Kashmir issue to this unfortunate stage.

    Once we ensure status quo ante, the amount of respect and love india will find in the valley will be enormous.

    Holding such capital, we can work with necessary forces from Kashmir and in accordance with the Shimla agreement with Pakistan and sort out the whole issue.

    If looked at without bias and honour, only one possible solution appears possible!

    India keeps the Kashmir it has! Pakistan keeps the Kashmir it holds.

    Indian government negotiates with Kashmir people their requirements and aspirations and accommodates them somewhere beyond the instrument of accession but completely within the scope of Indian constitution!

    It is the headache of Pakistan to work out a solution with the people living in the 1/3 portion of Kashmir it holds.

    Nothing else is possible between two nuclear armed nations!

    Every leader of consequence heading india has so far said everything under the sun is possible for resolution of Kashmir issue, if Kashmir people agree to be within the scope of India constitution.

    We recently inked a broad agreement with one Naga group. Why can’t we reach something on those lines or even a little less with Kashmir people?

    Shri Rajnath and shri Modi must do what is necessary on these lines and close this issue!

    If not the Ravana Kaashta of Kashmir will keep burning, Indian economy will continue to be bleeding, india security personnel will keep dying, Kashmir people will keep getting killed, india and Pakistan will keep inching towards mutual destruction!
    May better wisdom prevail on all concerned parties!