The study claims that in the last 100 years, not much has been done for the translation of the ordinances and Acts of central universities in Indian languages.
New Delhi: A study of the websites of the universities established since 1921 has revealed that hardly any of them had originally prepared their ordinances and Acts in Hindi. In fact, the study by researchers Sagarika Badu and Bharat Tiwari, has also established that out of 47 central universities, 46 had prepared their websites but only 29 of them had done so in Hindi. Most of the websites carried translated contents from their English editions.
The study stated that “there is a complete lack of originality in their Hindi editions” and that Hindi appeared to be “merely a language of translation” since “they have adopted Hindi just to fulfill their constitutional formalities”. It also pointed out that the situation in the universities of India’s southern states was much better than the universities in other parts of the country.
Tamil Nadu university shows the way in translating all ordinances into Hindi
Among the southern states, the study said, “Tamil Nadu is generally perceived as a Hindi-baiter state. But the university related to marine science there has got 100% of its ordinances translated into Hindi”. It stated, “The Central University of Karnataka has 50% of its ordinances translated into Hindi.”
Meanwhile, in Uttar Pradesh, the Central Agriculture University is the only institution which has all of its ordinances translated into Hindi, the study revealed.
The study claimed that in the last 100 years, not much has been done for the translation of the ordinances and Acts of central universities in Hindi and Indian languages. It also noted that out of these universities, Rajiv Gandhi National Aviation University was the only one that did not have its own website.
Eleven universities have translated ordinances, eight have translated Acts into Hindi
The study observed that while the number of universities having ordinances fully or partly translated to Hindi stood at 11, those that had their Acts fully or partly translated to Hindi numbered eight.
The Hindi translation of ordinances and Acts of just three universities was found on their respective websites, the study said,but only to “satisfy the constitutional need of the departments of the government”.
On the importance of the study, chairman of Media Studies Group, Anil Chamadia, insisted that the foundation of an institution depended upon the process of its formation and operation. In this context, he said that Indian universities were found to be “miserable” because the Acts related to their establishment and the ordinances issued by them were not available in Indian languages.
‘Constitutional obligation not being fulfilled by all’
While ordinances are important as a medium of communication since they are the rules and procedures prepared by a university regarding the commencement of new courses and admissions, Chamadia said, the universities, by not issuing them or translating them in Hindi, had not even bothered to fulfill their constitutional obligations.
Among the better performers were the Gurughasi Das University of Chhattisgarh and Himachal Pradesh Central University that had presented 50% and 26% of its ordinances in Hindi respectively.
Even Hindi universities were found lacking in this aspect. The Wardha-based Mahatma Gandhi International Hindi University had issued only around 50% of its ordinances in Hindi. The Varanasi-based Banaras Hindu University, established way back in 1916, also does not have its Acts available in Hindi yet.
Only three universities had prepared Acts originally in Hindi
Only three universities had prepared their Acts and ordinances in Hindi originally. They are the Sikkim University, Nalanda University – which is associated with the Ministry of External Affairs – and Jamia Millia Islamia in Delhi. Besides, the Acts of central universities of Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh have also been translated into Hindi while those of universities based in Jharkhand and Karnataka have been partially translated into Hindi.
Nalanda and Sikkim are the two universities where both the ordinances and Acts are available in Hindi.