Gurugram to Be Governed by Metropolitan Development Authority

The Gurugram Metropolitan Development Authority will look to improve governance, land acquisition and maintenance issues in the city.

Credit: Wikimedia

New Delhi: The satellite city of Gurugram will henceforth be governed by the Gurugram Metropolitan Development Authority (GDMA). The decision was taken by the Haryana government in a meeting today in Chandigarh, chaired by chief minister Manohar Lal Khattar.

The change in the administrative structure has been put into effect by the approval of the Gurugram Metropolitan Development Authority (GMDA) Ordinance, 2017, which aims at a “sustained and balanced growth” in the Gurugram metropolitan area by providing “quality of life and reasonable standard of living to the residents through generation of employment opportunities.”

On April 10, 2016, Khattar had announced at a rally in Badshahpur to make efforts for the formation of Gurugram Development Authority (GDA). The government renamed the body from GDA to GDMA in December 2016.

A senior IAS officer will head GMDA as its CEO, with the chief minister being its chairperson. Ex-officio members will include Haryana’s minister of town and country planning, minister of urban local bodies, members of parliament of constituencies falling within the notified area, MLAs representing assembly constituencies falling within notified area, mayor and deputy mayor of MCG, zila parishad chairman, senior officials of TCP and ULB departments. Among local officials, divisional commissioner, MCG commissioner , deputy commissioner, and commissioner of police will be part of the authority.

For Gurugram’s residents, this decision translates into “integrated and coordinated planning, infrastructure development and provision of urban amenities, mobility management, sustainable management of urban environment, and social, economic and industrial development”. While several of these aspects were being addressed earlier as well, there have been numerous complaints from the residents’ associations in Gurugram about the absence of coordinated planning, development and upkeep in the past.

GMDA empowered to undertake acquisition, remove encroachments

The ordinance enables the Haryana government to undertake acquisition in areas under the municipal corporation of Gurugram, the municipal council of Sohna, the municipal committees of Pataudi, Farukh Nagar and Haileymandi, and all the panchayats in the district.

As per the ordinance, the GMDA will recommend to the state government to acquire land or to purchase, exchange, transfer, hold, lease, manage and dispose of land as the need may be. It will also be empowered to acquire land for implementation of plans for infrastructure development and sustainable management of the urban environment. The acquisition will allow for the establishment of a modern geospatial-based system for planning purposes.

The GMDA will also have the power to direct the local authority to remove any obstruction or encroachment on roads including cycling tracks, open spaces, pedestrian footpaths or properties under its management.

Residents advisory council to assist

A residents’ advisory council is one of the salient features of the GMDA, aimed at providing guidance. Headed by a CEO, the council will monitor implementation of the annual plan of action for infrastructure development, mobility management plan and sustainable management of urban environment and make related recommendations.

The GMDA will also strive to coordinate with the Centre, state and local authorities, as and when required, to integrate infrastructure development and provision of urban amenities.

Financial structure to enable quick decision-making

Apart from financial assistance from the state on a regular basis, the GMDA would be allowed to borrow money by way of loans, bonds, debentures or other instruments from other sources, enabling quick decision making.

The GMDA will get a share in the development charges for external development works from areas notified under Haryana Development and Regulation of Urban Areas Act, 1975. It would also have the power to levy duty on the transfer of immovable property situated within this area.