Cities & Architecture

A Glittering New Capital City For Andhra Pradesh, But At Whose Cost?

An image of the new Andhra Pradesh capital, Amaravati

An image of the new Andhra Pradesh capital, Amaravati

Hyderabad: Come Dussehra, on Thursday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will lay the foundation stone of Amaravati, the new capital of Andhra Pradesh with expected religious ritualism and cultural pageantry to mark the occasion. Within the upper echelons of the Telugu Desam Party, jubilation, a marked fervor of righteousness and glee are all palpable.

“Dussehra marks the victory of good over evil. Naidu has led the fight against evil and has ensured Andhra comes out winning against all forces opposed to our state,” said B Satish Babu, a TDP leader in the area known as the New Capital Region. “Naidu is building the world’s greatest capital city for our people.” Babu is also leading efforts to build a temple in honour of chief minister N Chandrababu Naidu—on government land.

Business honchos turned leaders, who are ensconced in the Capital Region Development Authority (CRDA), and call the shots within the ruling TDP, are making arrangements to make it a big show, leaving nothing to chance. Cadre are being mobilised from across the state, and every leader has been given a target to achieve. The proposed capital is envisaged as a “world class” glittering new city near Vijayawada in coastal Andhra Pradesh. The state government is hoping to get a lot of assistance from Singapore for the project.

The personality cult of Naidu is getting shriller–“Sonia Gandhi and Y S Jaganmohan Reddy conspired to ensure we don’t have a capital, or a strong state. Babu garu has defeated all such conspiracies. He is nothing less than God for people of Andhra,” says Satish Babu.

But even as party men flaunt their invite to the inauguration on the social media, the frenzy and hyperbole  hide disquiet and discontent, especially among farmers who are unhappy that their land is being used to build this grand new city.

Farmers’ lands.

Away from the self-congratulatory hurly-burly for the final arrangements, and the orchestrated political idolatry, a darker and angrier dimension of the narrative emerges, where Mallela Harindranath Choudhary, a farmer leading an agitation is seething with rage, and despair.

“Farmers are appalled that a leader who walked through their villages for votes before the elections, promising to be a true Rythu Bidda (son-of-the-soil) has once again betrayed them. When the AP Reorganization Act was passed, the Central government provided a provision to de-notify forests to provide the land. The State government, instead of taking the Centre’s permission to de-notify degraded blocks of forests, has decided to force land away from the farmers in the most fertile agrarian belt in the country,” Choudhary says.

According to him, the land is so fertile that farmers sow three cops a year in the region. “Why does Chandrababu Naidu want this land,” he asks.

For the past few months, the government has clamped Section 144 in entire Capital Region Area around Tullur to prevent agitations from farmers. In gross violation of norms, police has been used to enable farmers to ‘voluntarily’ surrender their land to the State for the development of the capital.

“Naidu has made a huge virtue of not following the land acquisition route for the capital or nearby special projects, like the airport. But the voluntary land pooling, which enables farmers to give their land, and in turn, get less but more valuable land is a big lie. The agreement is completely one-sided. There is no representative of farmers in the CRDA, only business tycoons.The presence of police in the area exposes how voluntary the exercise has been,” says Choudhary.

As per the land-pooling scheme, based on the fertility and location of the land, each acre would get a farmer an eventual 1,000, 1,200 or 1,500 odd square yards of land once the capital is completed.

“There is no obligation on part of the government to use the land for only the capital. It does not give the farmers a guarantee in terms of deadline. The issue of contract farmers and landless labour has not been addressed. The scheme promised to give workers who lose work after farm land is surrendered at Rs 2,500 per worker per month has not come into force,” he says.

Not green enough

There are other troubling issues too. The National Green Tribunal (NGT), has expressed “concerns” over the lack of an Environmental Assessment being done and a report being submitted for clearance. Terming the Prime Minister’s decision to accept the invite to inaugurate the Capital City as “imprudent” in the absence of all statutory environmental clearances, E A S Sarma, former Union Finance Secretary, said that the State was “way behind” in following procedures and complying with environmental requirements for project of this magnitude.

“We are not against the Capital, in fact, as a responsible opposition we are willing to fully support the government in building the best capital city for Andhra Pradesh, which our people deserve, if it is done legally and following norms,” said Ummareddy Venkateswarlu, leader of the YSR Congress party. “Food security is a major national concern. Forcing farmers away from the most fertile land in the country strikes at the root of our food needs. Destroying huge tracts of forest to create land to give to corporates without taking care of people, uprooting people with proper plans of rehabilitation, is not the right foundation for a new capital.”

Jagan boycotts

Leader of the opposition Y S Jaganmohan Reddy has refused to attend the inauguration, even as his indefinite hunger strike in protest against forced land acquisition was foiled by the police. “This is a contractor’s capital, not the people’s capital,” says the YSR Congress party’s spokesperson Ambati Rambabu.

“I will not be going to the ceremony because I have lost my land. I have nothing to celebrate. I have neither voice nor option, “ says P Sanyasi Rao, a farmer in the Tullur district. “I am frustrated that my land is gone, I cannot protest or oppose the move and I live in fear for the future.”

Sriram Karri is author of the best-selling, MAN Asian longlisted novel, Autobiography of a Mad Nation

  • Techgadgettalk

    The state was bifurcated keeping the parliament locked and the press was thrown out. The AP MPs were also thrown out. The State was left without a capital, no revenue generating city and no means to generate revenue. It was a one-sided affair with AP losing on every count. I did not see you write any articles condemning the entire process. Now you have no right to talk about AP or what goes on there. The Special Category Status that was promised to AP is not given. KCR tried to punish settlers using surveys, changing the way the admissions to medical and engg colleges are done and many such activities. I did not hear you talk about any such activities. We people of AP do not feel that we are part of India due to the apathy that the rest of India has shown. Now we are trying to grow. Help us if you can or else please feel free to ignore us. Do not try to write such articles.

    • Kartik G

      33000 acres of land has been pooled by 20000 farmers voluntarily. If farmers were not in favor of pooling their land, can any govt in a democratic country like India ever forcefully take land? Opposition parties would have raised stink like never before if farmers were really against the land pooling. Farmers wholeheartedly supported land pooling and the capital formation in their lands, in fact 1 acre of land which went for only 10 Lakhs short up to 1 to 1.5 crore per acre after the capital was announced, there by HUGELY and IMMENSELY benefiting farmers. A vast majority of farmers are now worshipping the current govt and the current CM Mr. Naidu. All this nonsense about some farmers complaining is only from the left over 2% of farmers who didn’t donate land due to political concerns, while 98% of farmers already donated their land voluntarily. Perhaps the writer should read the definition of voluntary.

  • Abhiram Amaraneni

    Jagan’s indefinite fast was for special category status and not against ‘forced land acquisition’.

  • Gladiator

    The farmers gave 30,000 acres of land voluntarily to the Govt, the govt has not paid even a rupee to the farmers for land. This shows the trust they have on Mr Naidu. They farmers will get 1000 yards of residential land worth around 1 to 1.5 cr now for their acre of land which costed 5-10 lakh rupees. They will also get 200 to 500 yards of commercial land. coming to the crops – there are lot of other lands in those districts which are fertile but need water to cultivate. The water in the river Godavari if managed properly can make the whole of AP drought free. BTW although this is another issue, what is the use of cultivating when the farmer has to sell his crop for a loss?

    It is laughable when the writer supports the point to de-notify the forest land to build the city & in the next para he says the green tribunal has concerns. That too is not a fact since this was old news about a week ago where the green tribunal asked for the environmental approvals but that has been sorted out after all the environmental approvals have been given by the ministry.

  • asok

    Sonia & Rahul have divided Andhra Pradesh with deliberate intention to create serious financial problems as envisaged now by both new states. BJP govt should fix responsibility on CORRUPT Congress leaders for creating problems by dividing Andhra Pradesh without making arrangement for FINANCE. Congress leaders promoted rampant corruption all over country resulted in hundreds of GIGANTIC scams worth TRILLIONS of rupees which made India totally bankrupt causing galloping inflation breaking backbone of billions of people. Now incapable, illiterate and inexperienced Rahul is writing letter to PM for financial assistance. From where this money will come when UPA govt looted all resources of country siphoning to foreign heavens ? Why Rahul & corrupt Congress leaders have not visualized this problems earlier while creating new states.But now dolt Congress leaders are shifting blame on BJP while they are responsible for creating this financial problem. These leaders are playing double role by acting like traitors & indulged in anti-national activities by stalling all development bills in Rajya Sabha where Congress has sizeable numbers which is fully exploited by SONIA to derail BJP govt stalling total progress of country. BJP govt should learn lesson from past mistakes of Congress govts by not proposing any new states in future since country needs huge money for eradication of acute poverty & backwardness spread all over Country.

  • Techgadgettalk

    Can you please tell how people will stop starving? I think it is by employment. How will there be employment? Construction industry provides the max employment per dollar spent. How will there will employment? When there is FDI. FDI in IT and other industry is not so labor intensive. The new capital construction is one way to stimulate construction. There are many highways being built, Metro rails being constructed, buildings getting built due to the capital. How can this be bad? A little thinking would have made this plain to anybody. I guess that is an alien concept for some.