Diplomacy

India’s Nepal Policy Needs Caution, Not Grandstanding

The Constituent Assembly in Kathmandu. Credit: Swapnil Acharya/Flickr CC 2.0

The Constituent Assembly in Kathmandu. Credit: Swapnil Acharya/Flickr CC 2.0

India has reacted strongly to Nepal’s new constitution. In India’s official statements issued on the subject, the promulgation of the new Constitution has just been “noted”, not welcomed. Concern has been expressed over the disturbed situation in the Terai region that borders India. Nepal has been urged to resolve differences “through dialogue in an atmosphere free from violence and intimidation” so as to “enable broad-based ownership and acceptance”. India’s ambassador in Kathmandu spoke to Nepal’s Prime Minister about the difficulties being faced by India’s “freight companies and transporters” in “movements within Nepal” due to prevailing unrest. This may, if allowed to persist, result in essential supplies from India to Nepal getting disrupted.

The statements and the underlying warning on the issue of supplies have brought a sudden low in the bilateral relationship which had received a boost after Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s first visit to Nepal in 2014.

In some ways, the situation is reminiscent of 1989, when King Birendra’s decision to import anti-aircraft guns from China and refuse to reform the Panchayat system in the face of the democratic movement precipitated tensions in India-Nepal bilateral relations. At the same time, the India-Nepal trade treaty lapsed and the Rajiv Gandhi government closed down the special entry points for trade and transit – resulting in the severe shortage of essential supplies in Nepal.

India’s objections

India has its reasons to be upset with the way Nepali leaders have gone about the constitution-making process. Three of them are obvious and openly stated. First, the constitution as promulgated is not inclusive. It ignores the aspirations and sensitivities of the Madhesis, the janjatis (tribal groups), dalits and women. This is contrary to the spirit of the Jan Andolan-II that created a vision of New Nepal and against the assurances given by the late Girija Prasad Koirala as Prime Minister in 2007 during the Madhes agitation. Janjatis and women had also been repeatedly assured that their concerns would be accommodated. Then, the manner in which the promulgation was effected is clearly in conflict with the principle of consensus adopted in Nepal’s interim Constitution. The leaders of the major political parties belonging to the dominant hill social groups have ignored the wishes of the marginalised groups in the new constitution. The marginalised groups are accordingly agitating against the bulldozing of the constitutional process. The use of force by the government to suppress the agitation has resulted in the loss of more than 40 lives, with many more injured. Life has come to a standstill in nearly 20 of the 22 Terai districts of Nepal. There are also agitations in Kathmandu which have been joined by monarchists, Hindutva forces and extremist Maoist splinter groups.

The second reason for India’s reaction is that the violence in the Terai region can spill over into the bordering Indian areas. Particulalrly sensitive in this respect is Bihar, which is in the midst of a crucial electoral process. The ruling BJP has very high stakes in the Bihar elections and fears that violence and instability in the Nepal Terai will help its opponents led by Nitish Kumar, Lalu Prasad and the Congress party. It is feared in New Delhi that if the conflict between the Kathmandu authorities and the marginalised groups, particularly the Terai people, is not resolved amicably soon, the persisting turbulence will continue to adversely affect India’s bordering region.

The third and most important factor behind New Delhi’s displeasure arises from the Modi government’s feeling of being ignored in the constitutional process. India had been encouraging Nepali leaders to draft an inclusive and democratic constitution. In his address to the Constituent Assembly in August 2014, Modi had hoped that Nepal’s new constitution would be like a bouquet of flowers representing the different shades of Nepal’s communities, regions and opinions – and reflecting a broad national consensus. His address had been universally acclaimed in Nepal. He underlined the same theme during his second visit to Kathmadu during the SAARC summit in November last year. He has also done his best to lift Indo-Nepal relations by trying to fulfil pending Indian promises and committing India’s support and help in Nepal’s development. During the earthquake in Nepal, India went out of its way in extending all possible support. The Nepali leaders, have, however, been unresponsive to Indian concerns regarding the constitutional process.

Modi ignored

Some prominent Nepali leaders like Sher Bahadur Deuba of the Nepali Congress, Madhav Nepal of the Communist Party of Nepal–United Marxist Leninist (UML) and Prachanda of the United Communist Party of Nepal – Maoists, were invited for consultations to New Delhi to make them appreciate India’s concerns. All of them endorsed these concerns and assured India that marginalised groups would be accommodated. But there were no signs of this being done as the process started moving towards conclusion.

Barely a week before the promulgation of the constitution, External Affairs minister Sushma Swaraj in a statement on September 14, 2015, recalled “the encouraging voices… from Nepalese leaders” that “the Constitution will carry along all regions and sections”. She expressed India’s concern “over the ongoing protests and strife in several parts of Nepal” and urged “continuing flexibility on the part of all the political forces so that all outstanding issues are addressed through dialogue and widest possible agreement, in an atmosphere free from violence”.

Not only did this not make any difference to the situation in Nepal and the direction of the constitution making process, but instead India was blamed for inciting violence in the Terai and interfering in Nepal’s internal affairs. Prime Minister Sushil Koirala’s press adviser wrote an article in a Nepali newspaper asking India to desist from such interference.

Finally, the Nepal Constituent Assembly adopted the constitution on September 17, by voting for its remaining clauses but without any accommodation towards the demands of the marginalised groups and India’s appeals. This led Prime Minister Modi to send a special envoy, Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar to see if any last minute effort could be made to redress the situation, but in vain. Therefore, the Indian establishment has felt frustrated and dismayed.

Where India went wrong

The Modi government’s frustration with Nepal’s constitutional process seems to have been fuelled further by two other factors that have not been publicly and officially expressed.

One is that sections of the ruling party, particularly the Hindutva forces were keen to make Nepal a Hindu state and possibly create space for the future reinstatement of the monarchy. Considerable effort and material support had been extended to Nepali monarchists and Hindutva forces to mobilise support and raise their voices in this regard by the concerned political sections of the ruling party. Nepal’s new constitution has only accommodated them to the extent of making the cow a national animal, discouraging cow slaughter and adding a definition of “secularism” that covers respect and protection of all religion, including Hinduism. Second, India feels that the Nepal’s major parties have been more accommodative in the constitutional process towards the lobbying efforts of China and the European Union on issues of religion and federalism than to India’s concerns.

Notwithstanding the attitude of the dominant social groups which have driven the process of Nepali constitution making, New Delhi ought to have bee cautious and cool in its reactions. It should have welcomed Nepal’s first Republican and democratic constitution worked out by popularly elected representatives. This was the promise made by India way back in 1951, when the anarchical Rana system was being transformed, initiating a process of democratisation. India should also realise that the fragmented Terai leadership was unable to throw its proportionate weight in the constitutional process. Many of the Madhesi, janajati and women members of the Constituent Assembly have also voted for the new constitution – though under the pressure of their political bosses.

The new constitution has sharply polarised Nepal along ethnic and regional lines. This polarisation will keep Nepal unstable and turbulent, which is not at all in India’s long term interests. To jump into such a polarisation by taking sides is neither a prudent policy or effective diplomacy. India’s effort should have been to nudge both sides of the polarised debate through quiet and sustained diplomacy so that an amicable resolution was found. Instead, India’s policy unfolded in three different stages within the broad parameters of Prime Minister Modi’s Constituent Assembly address in Nepal last year. These stages have moved from being (i) “hands off”, to (ii) “having a Constitution is better than no constitution at all” and finally (iii) insistence on specific issues.

India could not sensitise itself adequately to understand the internal dynamics of posturing and power-sharing within and between Nepali political parties, so as to move them in the desired direction. This failure has now landed India in the company of monarchists, Hindu fanatics and left extremists (break away radical Maoists) within the Nepali political spectrum. Some of these disruptionist forces are joining marginalised groups in burning copies of the new constitution and creating turmoil in Nepal. They are exploiting the situation to their advantage at the cost of India. There is need for India to approach the issues involved coolly and carefully so as to get justice for the marginalised groups – rather than reinforcing the already existing forces of anti-Indian pseudo-nationalism in Nepal.

S.D. Muni is Professor Emeritus, JNU. A Distinguished Fellow, IDSA he is a Former Special Envoy and Ambassador of India

  • http://np.linkedin.com/pub/suhrid-chapagain/36/b12/90b/ suhrid chapagain

    a must read by each Nepalese .. Finally Nepal and India can sit down together and discuss way forward as a friend. #justafriendindia

    • IAF101

      Nepalis generally have a misguided notion of their own self importance and consider their “friendship” towards India as some huge “favor” they are extending India – even if this so-called “nepali friendship” is nothing more than empty platitudes and worth nothing in real money.

  • gurutashishenga

    This article suffers from the basic flaw that India has a right to interfere in Nepal’s internal affairs and goes on to explain why India shld be displeased over Nepal failure to obeisance before such rights.It is such presumptuous stance that encourages GOI to use excessive force on nepal and embarrass itself before rest of the world

    • IAF101

      The only people being embarrassed are the Nepalis who are seeing their Constitution being burned on the first day it was promulgated and large scale violence heralding the promulgation of Nepal’s failed attempt at drafting a respectable Constitution. In trying to impress everybody and appease everyone the Nepali Constitution actually goes backward in time by discriminating against women – while trying to champion LGBT rights, by exposing the basest atavistic instincts of the hill tribes in trying to exclude one segment of its citizens from having the same rights as the others and trying to divide a largely ethnically homogeneous groups into electorally diverse groups to marginalize them. This is why even the UN Secretary General was guarded in his statement of congratulations – a shame considering that Nepali politicians took 8 years to arrive at this flawed document.

      But the most glaring flaw and fault with the entire process is the temerity of Nepal to question India’s right to be concerned about its own border or the consequences of Nepal’s clumsy attempts at becoming a republic on the safety and security of India’s border states.

      • Akash

        Matter of fact to know is is getting embarrassed is only India because of its abnormal behavior. It can be seen in the media of all over the world that India is trying to forcing some point that always help only india to take control like Sikkim. India should take Nepal as neighbor but not as state where he can force his decision. India is doing very good in international level however the displeased that India has shown to its neighbor country where more than 91% has accepted its constitution , can question India about its foreign policy and loose the confidence of other.

    • Avishek Kumar Singh

      Talking about peace process and considering every one is difficult, think of people not world.

  • Elbot

    JNU professor sees nepal from Nehruvian mind.. Modi govt was honest in assistance and commitment. The corrupt hill politicians stabbed him..

  • ASHISH SINGH

    Grandstanding will lead us nowhere.Such delicate issue should be handled amicably and only through diplomatic channels and big-brotherly attitude towards a sovereign nation howsoever small or weak , must be avoided.And Nepalese people should also understand our concern as a neighbouring nation India has always been there to help them whenever they needed it.But I am afraid there are bunch of idiots who are hell bent on destroying our foreign policy for the sake of their idiotic and disgusting agendas which are detrimental to any democratic and sovereign nation.And Nepal has answered them aptly by declaring Nepal as a sovereign ,democratic and ‘Secular’ nation.And last but not the list our media should also behave responsibly and rationally the kind of reporting was done in Nepal earthquake crises by some overenthusiastic news channels vis-a-vis Indian aid to Nepal, should have been avoided because such type of irresponsible behaviour may also have some bearing on our foreign policy.

    • IAF101

      Ignorant comment. First where is the “proof” that India “objected” to “secular” nature of the Nepali constitution ? This is all “rumors” and “masala” added by intellectual blowhards without any basis in fact or substance. And if your read the Nepali constitution it is clear that their “secularism” is quite different from what “secularism” is in India with their insistence in protecting the local culture and giving primacy to the local traditions – ie Hinduism. In fact if similar language was used in India – the SC would strike it down as illegal and there would be a big ruckus. Nepal’s constitution is a mish-mash of various high minded ideals they borrowed from Europe and not enough “local” solutions that cater to the needs of its ethnic groups who have varied and different needs. The Nepali constitution also makes no distinction of linguistic minorities or any attempts to put up a comprehensive reservation system for other marginalized groups apart from Dalits like India’s constitution has. Local tribes are not even mentioned!

      But I agree with your comment that our media is disgraceful – both domestically and internationally. It fails to draw the narrative, it fails to point out the flaws based on evidence and it fails to present both sides of the argument in a cogent manner. Most of the coverage is shouting and sensational garbage.

      • ASHISH SINGH

        Sir, firstly you don’t seem to have read my comment carefully or may be you replied on the basis of mere conjecture that I am against my own country.I said that there are a bunch of idiots…..So where is India in this.And you want me to give you a proof ,I will give you two 1) way back in UPA’s regime a delegation from Nepal visited India and on request of a group of the then opposition leaders they had a brief meeting with them and in that meeting some nationalist leaders asked Nepali leaders to work on making Nepal a “hindurastra’ and in response they got slammed by them. They (Nepali leaders) said ‘aap khud k desh ko to aajtak hinduwadi bana nahi sake aur hame kah rah rahe ki hindu rastra banao’.And this was revealed by a very prominent journalist infront of Mr Shesadri Chari a BJP spokes person and he didn’t even refute this or try to confront that journalist(Source:NDTV Prime Time with Ravish Kumar).
        The second proof is that a very intellectual person endowed with all saintly traits of a Hindu rastravadi ,called Yogi Adityanath wrote a letter to Nepali PM asking him to declare Nepal a Hindurstra.I will urge you to please stop this intellectual bashing they may be wrong at times but certainly better than the new breed of ultra-nationalist who have just begin to realise their nationalism.These morons are like sleeping cells, always ready to spew venoms in the name of nationalism.I think you would agree with me on this point for sure because you seem to be a reasonable person.
        P.S Sir there is no point in comparing two constitutions where one is newly promulgated and the other one was adopted decades ago.You and I can discuss and debate about there constitution but why pass any judgement on a newly written constitution,it may have some flaws.There were many amendments carried on in our constitution as well, which is considered to be the best written constitution for a vibrant democracy like ours and also designed by the best of the intellectuals we had at that time.We also borrowed many things from various other constitutions of other countries.

      • ASHISH SINGH

        And Sir Why are you hiding your identity ‘what is this IAF 101’ aap bhi kisi rastravadi party se belong karte hain kya?

      • Abob

        Is India secular.. Music to my ear… Where laws are based on religion… Whats your definition of secularism… Kindly enlighten me.

        • gnchemi@ gmail.com

          what do u mean by secularism
          and who told you laws are based on religion.

  • Ram

    Prof S D Muni idea need evolution with the evolving political reality of Nepal. King is dead and Prof Muni should realize this fact. And even if there is slightest favour for king in Nepal, then it’s Pahari parties (UML, NC and RPP) – dominant high caste Brahim-Chettri, who is trying to garland frame of King and survive the hindu kingdom. Madhesis are mixed society and Muslim being major population. Secularism favour Madhesis most and Hinduism favour Pahari Parties (UML, NC and RPP). And by the way, Prof. Muni should also know, RPP voted in favour of Sep 20 constitution, and not a single people of RPP was killed by govt police. Madhesis are out against Sep 20 constitution and those killed are Madhesis.

  • Ubaraj Katawal

    As I said elsewhere, back off India. Just BACK OFF! Nepali people are capable of solving their own problems.

    The Indian people should hold their leaders accountable if the violence in Nepal spills over into their country, because then the chicken will have come home to roost. A good neighbor does not stoke violence, but tries to help solve it. India has encouraged those in Nepal who do not want peace and prosperity. And that is not good.

    • ASHISH SINGH

      Hahaha.. this is laughable ..Sir we were there to help you when you were going through your one of the worst phases.We helped you build consensus among all your different political and ideological parties in bringing a democratic set up in your country and now finally when you have one after a long period of vacuum now you seem to have grown up enough teeth to bite India.Sir I can understand your source of inspiration from where it is coming but I know that sooner or later you will realise that newly found source of yours will never come to your rescue without any selfish interest.And it is people like you who are inflaming passions by talking nonsense on every platform..but alas.. we too have some like minded people here in who are always ready to be part of this idiotic jargon…. And when the hell did you prosper on your own ,don’t forget that India has always helped Nepal as a neighbouring country and showed brotherly attitude towards it we gave some insane amount of aid which helped you keep your cycle of growth and prosperity going… Alas! there are people like you who keep taking things when in need and after that don’t even belch…. Now suddenly India has become your enemy which would be responsible for stoking violence… go enlighten yourself up then make such irrational comment. Grow up ….
      P.S Our foreign policies don’t work on the basis of our sentiments. and false ultra-nationalistic notions .And many people are not capable of understanding it unless they analyse it rationally and logically.You must understand that any spillover in Nepal would create chaos in our own territory as well then why the hell would we even like this to happen.You yourself made a self-contradictory comment.

      • Abob

        Helping countries during natural calamity, you think gives license to interfere in other sovereign country internal affair. What would have happened at the most if India wouldnt have helped. 16000 people died in Nepal during Maoist insurgency. From where Maoist top leadership were functioning is well known in Nepal… What consensus are you talking about. Fool someone else.

    • DrUmesh Jha

      Ya in Nepal there are madheshies too whom you people are killing Brutualy and thinking that none should interfer with worst humanrights violations… Just extremity of racialism..

    • abhilov verma

      Its a shame that whenever a help needed, nepal looked at India without any hesitation. And now, they still think that have all rights reserved to blame India for all political mishaps in nepal. If you want India to ‘back off’ , then make sure you dont ‘lean’ towards India when help needed.

  • IAF101

    Problem was India trust Nepali leaders to show the same wisdom and mental acuity that other nations have shown in drafting something so sacrosanct as a Constitution – instead they have released a populist document that tried to appease sections of the society and impress foreigners in Europe and China while their backyard was on fire.

    The real lesson is to NEVER trust in the maturity and wisdom of neighbor states to do the smart thing as petty political interests and perverse small minded power grabbing attempts will always rise above duty to the state and Constitutional rigor.

    • Akash

      Same lesson has been learnt by Nepal that ‘Never’ trust neighbor, otherwise India would have welcome new constitution that was accepted by 91% of Neplease. Matter of fact is, India may have started worrying because the new constitution may lift Nepal far ahead from its current position.

  • Rohit Karki

    It is explicitly clear now that India wants to develop Terai-Madhes as an ‘inner buffer’ as it believes the Himalayas have been penetrated by China and thus less relevance of Nehru’s ‘Strategic Himalayan Frontier’ policy in contemporary situation in Nepal. see for details http://nepalforeignaffairs.com/indias-interest-on-nepals-federalism/

    • Hypocrite

      So? India is a Union of States like the EU, Soviet Union even in our constitution and wants to create a South Asian Union. If Nepal has a problem it should be leaving the SAARC as well. Maoists siding with China does create problems for India towards achieving that goal since China already has Turkic Uighurs under its domain. Don’t blame India if another Crimea occurs in the subcontinent. India already displayed its capabilities in the Bangladesh Liberation War and Nepal better follow the federal structure.

      • Rohit Karki

        It is explicitly clear now that India wants to develop Terai-Madhes as an ‘inner buffer’ as it believes the Himalayas have been penetrated by Chinese and thus less relevance of Nehru’s ‘Strategic Himalayan Frontier’ policy in contemporary situation in Nepal.

        • Hypocrite

          I already said yes. That is what India will do if you can’t agree amongst yourselves. We learnt it the hard way when the British ruled us. But at least the Brits were foreigners. With us you will become part of us. But even then it will be your mistakes which will make us embrace you into our larger fold.

  • Avishek Kumar Singh

    India and Nepal are always in good brotherhood, by soul, relationship and accountability towards each other. High profile living internet blogger should not make such comment from either country side about superiority, Constitution fate should be discussed without violence.

    India has rights to keep their words, and Nepal’s leader has decide whats good for their people keeping in mind good amount of population should not be ill treated (Terai-Madhes).

    My personal view ( May be does not makes sense ) . Nepal should save vintage culture and remain pure hindu country and say bye bye Secularism. as in past many have sacrificed to save what we are now. we can loose it now on name secularism.

  • Himwant

    Prof S.D. Muni talks more like a devil’s advocate then a expert. As long as India has foreign policy experts like Prof S.D. Muni, it will keep facing problems. Prof S.D. Muni once advocated in favor of Maoists and the forces responsible for drafting the constitution. Now the constitution that has been drafted is neither truly democratic, nor truly inclusive, nor truly republican, nor truly federal. Does Prof Muni thinks that everyone else is fool.

  • jay

    Pakistan , now Nepal , then slowly other South Asian countries will exhibit their inferior complexion visa vis a vis India in order to please China for better financial aid. They all know that India, any way, being a peace loving country will continue to support all south Asia countries in spite of being humiliated by them . China pays extra to these south Asian countries for humiliating India to capture their markets. India should stop now the Nepalese ethnic people entering India freely for jobs since Pakistan and China will use Nepal as their base for harboring threat to India’s security and peace.

    • DrUmesh Jha

      Brother but while talking about nepal you should also keep in mind that there lives madheshies too,50%of population and they have roti beti relationship with India…
      So it will be partiality lf India thinks only about 50% ruling elite with anti indian mentality

  • dhiru

    India has always treated Nepal as a brother but they have cheated n betrayed India always .its time now we should end each relation with them .let them kill there own people if they want .we should not interfere .

    • Abob

      Please pass your message to Indian government to not interfere in Nepals internal matters.

  • DrUmesh Jha

    There was madhesh movement 1 about 10 year back when more than 54 madheshies were killed and india negotiated between nepal’s ruling elite and madheshies and agreements were made but none of the agreements have been implicated in new constitution of Nepal..
    So again movements/protests are going on in madhesh of Nepal since 45days, and more than 45 madheshies(officially in realtors than 100) have been killed by gun shots directly in the head, eye or chest, nepal government and armies are brutaly suppressing the movement even misbehaving, beating, the madheshies daughters,sisters.. They have crossed the far limits of human rights violation in madhesh…
    So isn’t it duty of india to speak against these inhuman activity, ofcourse it is… It is first time that any Indian leader has come against brutal suppression of madheshies. And so we are very thankful to India, #ThanksIndiaForSupportingMadhesiesAgainstBrutalSupressionByNepaliGovernment

  • prashant

    Pathetic! 51% of Population lives in Madhes but only 22% (17% including 5% Muslims) are called madhesis.

  • Akhi Rajput

    ur really building castle in air India never intend to interfere any nations internal matters first of all after independence of bangladesh india vacated becoz india never thought capturing and making a indian state so dont spread ur conspiracy theory here India wants gud relationship with nepal thats all

    • Abob

      What about Sikkim… Bangladesh is a Muslim country.. If India would have tried to occupy Bangladesh, then do you think other muslim countries would have allowed that to happen… UN is still there.

  • Abob

    But India doesnt give free of cost. All the commodities are fully paid

  • Abob

    Hypocrites…. Who supported maoist in Nepal killing 16000 people is well known. Surely not china. Nepal supports ISI is the most absurd statement. People who planted b*mb in mumbai and were awarded death sentence were indian. Also, people who buys fake currency and distributes it india, who are they? You know the answer, they are not outsiders. Please ask your government to scrap all the treaties with Nepal and stop free flow of people. Its not Nepal who ask for it. Check the letter written by Vallabhbhai Patel to Nehru. When your country got independence and was most vulnerable, we shed our blood in all the wars to keep India free and you want kick us. Please go ahead and petition your government to dismantle gurkha regiment as well.

    • gnchemi@ gmail.com

      Ok Nepal never supported ISI . I am in agreement with that.
      Nepali shed blood for Indians that is also true, and this the only reason why Indian public treat Nepalis as their brothers.
      But India is one of the biggest giver of aid to Nepal. We also supported many people from dying after Nepal earthquake.
      Nepalese never know about Indian aid because Indian government has not publicised it. But now need is arising for India to say what it has done for Nepal.
      The effect of what will happen if India does not cooperate with Nepal is already seen.
      The best way is for people is to solve problems, not make them more complex.
      Even when India gave aid during time of Nepal earthquake, people always criticised it. Some leaders said dont take aid from India because China will get angry. It is a fact.
      It means some forces have been at work to insult India at every opportunity. Back off India? now India backed off totally. Now let the back off india tweeters some idea as to what has to be done when India has totally backed off. let them give a solution.
      They said Nepal can buy from others( which they have already been doing anyway, the major bulk of imports from India were oil imports ) If that is true why all this shortage.
      May be one day people will ask this question, why the leaders said they can bring from others and dont need Indias help. why did they misleaed people without making adequate arrangements.
      Since So many Years Nepal never had an Industrial policy, no development agenda, why? because there is always musical chairs of people in power. Nobody has been in power for enough time to make a substantial policy.
      May be by the time one make3s policy he will be replaced by another person and by the time he makes some policy another person will take over.
      Who is to blame for this.
      Why did not anybody have the foresight to see all the problems being faced today and resolve them if they knew things will get to this stage.
      There is no use blaming others for our own problems. (In india politicians used to do this before feeding on false nationalism and blaming pakistan and USA and Uk for al its problems. But slowly peoples awareness grew, and over the top nationalism and jingoism will not get votes for any party. In the last twenty yeasrs people have won elections because of a party’s developmental agenda( even Modi), and not because of building peoples passions about religion or provinces.
      Anyway , I sincerely hope India – Nepal relations will come into perspective and will see the good times again. I can only say India public have good brotherly relations in their heart for Nepalese. ( It might surprise you but beyond Gorakhpur nobody even know there is problem in India)

  • dipesh tewari

    Sir, you should not forget that Madhesis are actually Indians overflowing from UP and Bihar. Nepalis by origin have the right to frame the constitution. If the role reverses India would do the same. Madesis still live in Nepal comfortably since 50yrs. India will back Madhesis selfishly for accomodation, after all power goes back to its forefathers. India is suicide bombing its relations with their Hindu brother.

  • dipesh tewari

    Ho Ho Ho, Leave Sikkim alone people. Sikkim is the most civilized state. Majority Nepalis have a soft corner for Nepal, but not to that extent to want to live there because of poor economic status. We prefer being called Indian Nepalis and we talk different. The best thing ever happened in Sikkim is it’s merger with India. Sikkim Nepalis are diehard Indians especially the young.

  • felecia

    Each country have problems but it india is supporting Rebels of her neighbour countries This is not fair.