US Conducts Second Day of Strikes on Al Qaida in Yemen

A Houthi militant stands guard on the roof of a building overlooking a rally attended by supporters of the Houthi movement in Sanaa, Yemen March 3, 2017. Credit: Reuters

A Houthi militant stands guard on the roof of a building overlooking a rally attended by supporters of the Houthi movement in Sanaa, Yemen March 3, 2017. Credit: Reuters

Washington/Aden: The US carried out a second day of air strikes against al Qaida in Yemen on Friday, US officials said, in the latest sign of increasing US military focus on a group whose strength has grown during Yemen‘s civil war.

Since a January commando raid, the US has shown a desire to both strike al Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and to recover from what US officials acknowledge has been an intelligence shortfall about the group since Yemen‘s civil war forced the closure of the US Embassy in 2015.

“We have a lot of gaps in our understanding of the organisation,” a US defence official said, adding the pullout of US personnel two years ago “certainly did not help our understanding of the situation.”

Pentagon spokesman Captain Jeff Davis said at a news briefing that the US had carried out more than 30 strikes over the past two days in Shabwah, Abyan and Al Bayda provinces.

The US military did not disclose how many al Qaida fighters were killed on Friday although Reuters reported that Thursday‘s strikes, using manned and unmanned aircraft, left at least nine militants dead.

The US military did not rule out further strikes in the days ahead.

“I don’t want to telegraph future operations but this is part of a plan to go after this very real threat and ensure they are defeated,” Davis said at a Pentagon news briefing.

Vital intelligence?

America’s military strategy in Yemen has become a political lightning rod issue after the late January raid against AQAP, authorised by President Donald Trump, resulted in the death of one of the commandos, US Navy SEAL William “Ryan” Owens.

Critics questioned the value of the mission. That prompted a fierce rebuttal from Trump, who said during a televised address to Congress that “large amounts of vital intelligence” was seized in the operation. Trump’s speech featured a standing ovation for Owens’ widow.

The US defence official, who spoke to reporters on condition of anonymity on Friday, shied away from describing the intelligence as “vital,” saying that was a subjective term.

The official said the intelligence was “good” and “potentially actionable,” suggesting that phone numbers and other information about AQAP’s network seized in January would require analysis or development before leading to new US strikes or raids.

“It’s definitely helping us understand the network and further develop it out … This has been good information,” the official said, adding the US seized “an awful lot of telephone numbers.”

Strikes over the past two days have not been based on intelligence from the January raid, the Pentagon says.

After its pullout in 2015, the US military started returning to Yemen in small numbers last year to support a successful April push orchestrated by the United Arab Emirates, with support from Saudi Arabia, that ejected AQAP from Mukalla, home of Yemen‘s third largest port, where AQAP had raised tens of millions of dollars.

The US defense official said losing Mukalla degraded AQAP but also cautioned the group did not leave its money or many of its recruits behind.

Gun battles

Residents told Reuters on Friday that US air strikes were accompanied by gun battles, which they thought involved US soldiers on the ground in Yemen.

The Pentagon denied US involvement in any ground combat and it was unclear if one of the US’s gulf allies might have been engaged in gun battles.

US intelligence and military officials still view AQAP as a real threat to the US, as do allies like the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia.

The group has plotted to down US airliners and claimed responsibility for 2015 attacks on the office of Charlie Hebdo magazine in Paris. AQAP also has boasted of the world’s most feared bomb makers, Ibrahim Hassan al-Asiri, and the Pentagon estimates it has between about 2,000 and 3,000 fighters.

The defence official said the group was well armed and US strikes since Thursday have included AQAP’s heavy weapons.”We would expect that they certainly have light anti-aircraft and they possibly have MANPADS, that is a possibility we have seen,” the official said, referring man-portable air defence systems.

Davis noted that al Qaida, even more than the Iraq and Syria based ISIS, had US blood on its hands.

In 2000, al Qaida bombers steered a boat full of explosives into the side of the USS Cole, a US Navy destroyer, while it re-fuelled in the Yemeni port of Aden, killing 17 US sailors and wounding about three dozen others.